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Performance & Maintenance Virtual Memory Paging File - Change

Brink

Staff member
mvp
Virtual Memory Paging File - Change How to Change or Move Virtual Memory Paging File in Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8
When RAM runs low, virtual memory moves data from RAM to a space on the hard drive called a paging file. Moving data to and from the paging file frees up the RAM to complete its work. This will show you how to manually change the size of the paging file.
Published by Brink Category: Performance & Maintenance 
#1
ByLine
How to Change or Move Virtual Memory Paging File in Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8
Synopsis
When RAM runs low, virtual memory moves data from RAM to a space on the hard drive called a paging file. Moving data to and from the paging file frees up the RAM to complete its work. This will show you how to manually change the size of the paging file.
How to Change or Move Virtual Memory Paging File in Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8

information   Information
If your computer lacks the random access memory (RAM) needed to run a program or operation, Windows uses virtual memory to compensate. Virtual memory combines your computer’s RAM with temporary space on your hard drive. When RAM runs low, virtual memory moves data from RAM to a space called a paging file. Moving data to and from the paging file frees up the RAM to complete its work.

Windows manages the virtual memory size automatically by default. This will show you how to manually change the size of virtual memory if the default size is not enough for your needs, and how to change what drive is used for the paging file.

For more detailed information about the page file, see:

Mark's Blog : Pushing the Limits of Windows: Virtual Memory

and

The Pagefile Done Right! | Citrix Blogs

For more information about the new swap file in Windows 8, see:

Windows 8 / Windows Server 2012: The New Swap File - Ask the Performance Team - Site Home - TechNet Blogs

Note   Note
The more RAM your computer has, the better your programs will generally run performance wise since Windows may not have to use virtual memory as often. If a lack of RAM is slowing your computer, you might be tempted to increase virtual memory to compensate. However, your computer can read data from RAM much more quickly than from a hard disk, so adding RAM is a better solution. Plus, Windows usually does a great job at managing virtual memory for you.

The Virtual Memory Paging File is hidden protected operating system file at this location: C:\pagefile.sys

Tip   Tip
To improve the performance of Windows, you can place the page file on a second physical hard drive instead of the same C: drive that Windows is on. Doing this allows Windows to dump temp junk onto one drive while not having to interrupt reads or writes on the other drive.

You will not gain any performance by moving the page file to just another partition on the same HDD that Windows is installed on.


To Reset the Page File:

Turn the page file off and on for the drive it's on with restarting the computer after each time.

warning   Warning
If you receive any type of low memory error message like below, then you need to either add more RAM or increase the size of the page file so that you can run the programs on your computer.

I would advise to not turn off the page file even if you have a lot of RAM installed. Some programs will still require using the page file to run properly.

Low_Memory_Error.png





Here's How:
NOTE:
You will need to be logged in as an administrator to be able to modify the page file.
1. Open the Start Menu.​
A) Right click on the Computer button and click on Properties.​
B) Go to step 3.​

OR
2. Open the Control Panel (Classic View - Vista or Icons view - Windows 7).​
A) Click on the System icon.​

3. Click on Advanced system settings. (See screenshot below)​
NOTE: While your here, note how much Memory (RAM) you have installed under the System section.​
System.jpg

4. If prompted by UAC, then click on Continue (Vista) or Yes (Windows 7).​
5. In the Advanced tab, click on the Settings button in the Performance section. (See screenshot below)​
Advanced_System_Properties.jpg

6. Click on the Advanced tab. (See screenshot below)​
7. Under Virtual memory, click on the Change button.​
Advanced_Performance_Options.jpg

8. To Turn Off Automatic Virtual Memory Management for All Drives
A) Uncheck the Automatically manage paging file size for all drives box. (See screenshot below)​
NOTE: This turns off automatic virtual memory management by Windows so you can manually change the drive and size to what you want instead.​
Automatic_Yes_No.jpg

B) Go to step 10.​

9. To Turn On Automatic Virtual Memory Management for All Drives
A) If one of the listed drives (ex: C: ) is set as System Managed already, then check the Automatically manage paging file size for all drives box. Click on OK and go to step 17. (See screenshot below)​
Automatic_Yes_No2.jpg

OR
B) If one of the listed drives is not set as System Managed already, then uncheck the Automatically manage paging file size for all drives box and do step 10 and step 12.​

10. To Select a Drive to Add or Change the Paging File
NOTE: By default, Windows uses the same drive letter that it is installed on. This system drive is usually the C: drive.​
WARNING: If you have another internal NTFS drive listed and want to use it instead, then make sure it is as fast or faster than the drive Windows is installed on. Make sure you only use a separate hard drive, not another partition on the same hard drive as Windows is installed on. This will cause a decrease in performance if you do. You cannot move the page file to an external or removable drive.
A) Click on a listed hard drive you want to change or add a paging file to for Windows to use. (See screenshot below step 9A)​

11. To Have a Custom Paging File Size for the Selected Drive
NOTE: You would do this if you do not want to use the automatic system managed size by Windows.​
A) Dot Custom size. (See screenshots below step 15)​
B) Type in a size for the Initial size in MB (1 GB = 1024 MB).​
NOTE: This will be the minimum size.​
C) Type in a size for the Maximum size you want in MB (1 GB = 1024 MB).​
D) Go to step 14.​

12. To Have a System Managed Paging File Size for the Selected Drive
NOTE: This will let Windows automatically manage the size of the paging file for this selected drive as needed.​
A) Dot System managed size. (See screenshots below step 9)​
B) Go to step 14.​

13. To Remove the Paging File from the Selected Drive
WARNING: Make sure that you have at least one drive selected to have a paging file on. Otherwise your computer may slow down dramatically.​
NOTE: You would usually only do this if you have more than one drive that you already added a paging file to from step 11 above.
A) Dot No paging file. (See screenshots below step 15)​

14. Click the Set button. (See left screenshot below)​
NOTE: Repeat steps 10 to 14 if you would like to make more changes to the paging file, or add a paging file to another listed drive.​
15. Click on OK. (See right screenshot below)​
Custom.jpg Custom2.jpg

16. If the Paging File Size was Decreased
NOTE: If the paging file was decreased, the computer will need to be restarted before the changes can be applied. You will not see this if you increased the size.​
A) Click OK. (See screenshot below)​
Decrease_OK.jpg


17. Click on OK. (See screenshot below step 7)​
18. Click on OK. (See screenshot below step 5)​
19. If the Paging File Size was Decreased
NOTE: You will not see this if you increased the size.​
A) Click Restart Now. (See screenshot below)​
NOTE: Be sure to save and close anything open first. This will restart the computer immediately.​
Restart_Now.jpg


That's it,
Shawn



 
Last edited by a moderator:

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System One

  • Operating System
    Windows 10 Pro 64-bit
    System Manufacturer/Model Number
    Custom
    CPU
    Intel i7-8700K OC'd to 5 GHz
    Motherboard
    ASUS Maximus X Code Z370
    Memory
    16 GB (8GBx2) G.SKILL TridentZ DDR4 3200 MHz
    Graphics Card(s)
    ASUS ROG-STRIX-GTX1080TI-O11G-GAMING
    Sound Card
    Integrated
    Monitor(s) Displays
    3 x 27" Asus VE278Q
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    250GB Samsung 960 EVO M.2,
    256GB OCZ Vector,
    6TB WD Black WD6001FZWX
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    Linksys EA9500 router,
    Arris SB6190 cable modem,
    APC SMART-UPS RT 1000 XL,
    Lumia 1520 phone
#2
I followed this just for the heck of it.

I have Vista Home Basic.

I increased the min and max, I was told I needed to restart. The tut says restart ONLY if decreased.
 

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Brink

Staff member
mvp
#3
Hi MicroMan,

Interesting. I just played with mine some more, and I could only get the restart if I decreased the min/max. I even tried multiple increases in a row, but still had no restart notice.

What were your numbers originally, and what did you increase them to? I'll try that and see if I can trigger a restart notice. Include any other details you think may apply to.

Thank you,
Shawn
 

My Computer

System One

  • Operating System
    Windows 10 Pro 64-bit
    System Manufacturer/Model Number
    Custom
    CPU
    Intel i7-8700K OC'd to 5 GHz
    Motherboard
    ASUS Maximus X Code Z370
    Memory
    16 GB (8GBx2) G.SKILL TridentZ DDR4 3200 MHz
    Graphics Card(s)
    ASUS ROG-STRIX-GTX1080TI-O11G-GAMING
    Sound Card
    Integrated
    Monitor(s) Displays
    3 x 27" Asus VE278Q
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    250GB Samsung 960 EVO M.2,
    256GB OCZ Vector,
    6TB WD Black WD6001FZWX
    PSU
    Seasonic Prime Titanium 850W
    Case
    Corsair Air 740
    Cooling
    Corsair Hydro H115i
    Keyboard
    Logitech wireless K800
    Mouse
    Logitech MX Master
    Internet Speed
    300 Mb/s Download and 30 Mb/s Upload
    Other Info
    Logitech Z625 speaker system,
    Creative F200 webcam,
    HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M477fdn,
    Linksys EA9500 router,
    Arris SB6190 cable modem,
    APC SMART-UPS RT 1000 XL,
    Lumia 1520 phone

Brink

Staff member
mvp
#5
I'm not sure what may have triggered the restart for you since you only increased the sizes. I tried with what you stated and still did not get a restart notice. Must be a fluke. If you increase it more again, does it give you a restart notice?

Shawn
 

My Computer

System One

  • Operating System
    Windows 10 Pro 64-bit
    System Manufacturer/Model Number
    Custom
    CPU
    Intel i7-8700K OC'd to 5 GHz
    Motherboard
    ASUS Maximus X Code Z370
    Memory
    16 GB (8GBx2) G.SKILL TridentZ DDR4 3200 MHz
    Graphics Card(s)
    ASUS ROG-STRIX-GTX1080TI-O11G-GAMING
    Sound Card
    Integrated
    Monitor(s) Displays
    3 x 27" Asus VE278Q
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    250GB Samsung 960 EVO M.2,
    256GB OCZ Vector,
    6TB WD Black WD6001FZWX
    PSU
    Seasonic Prime Titanium 850W
    Case
    Corsair Air 740
    Cooling
    Corsair Hydro H115i
    Keyboard
    Logitech wireless K800
    Mouse
    Logitech MX Master
    Internet Speed
    300 Mb/s Download and 30 Mb/s Upload
    Other Info
    Logitech Z625 speaker system,
    Creative F200 webcam,
    HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M477fdn,
    Linksys EA9500 router,
    Arris SB6190 cable modem,
    APC SMART-UPS RT 1000 XL,
    Lumia 1520 phone
#6
I was testing a dedicated SATA paging file drive and my PCMark05 bench reduced. I am back to system managed (default).

I do believe I get better performance with Prefetch: Cache Boot Files Only: 2 ... I think Prefetch is no better than the Adobe quick launch I delete in the startup. I disable indexing also. I don't know how having the hard drive running all the time in an Idle process speeds up a computer.
 

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swarfega

da Cleaner
Vista Pro
#7
Having pagefile on C: is a really bad idea because it will cause fragmentation and thereby slowing Vista down because of having to move the hard drive arm around more for the same files.

solution 1: make pagefile a static size. In other words if you have 4Gbs of phsyical memory, create a pagefile of 4096kb in both min and max size.

solution 2: buy a small fast hard disk and move the pagefile over. In this scenario it wont matter whether the pagefile is fixed or variable as it wont affect the drive that Vista is on and thereby reducing fragmentation. With hard disk prices so cheap at the moment it would make sense to follow this approach. [In my case I got the Western Digital Raptor 36gb 10,000rpm hard drive]
 

My Computer

System One

  • System Manufacturer/Model Number
    Self built
    CPU
    Intel E8400 3GHz
    Motherboard
    Intel DX48BT2
    Memory
    Kingston PC3-10666 4Gb
    Graphics Card(s)
    XFX 9800 GTX XXX
    Sound Card
    Soundblaster X-Fi XtremeMusic
    Monitor(s) Displays
    2x Samsung SM-T220HD 22"
    Screen Resolution
    1680x1050 on two monitors
    Hard Drives
    WD Raptor X/150Gb in RAID0
    WD Raptor 36gb
    3x Samsung F1 1Tb
    PSU
    Thermaltake ToughPower 850w
    Case
    Thermaltake Armor
    Cooling
    Tuniq Tower 120
    Keyboard
    Dell Multimedia Enhanced USB
    Mouse
    Razer Diamondback 3G
    Internet Speed
    8128/832
    Other Info
    Thermaltake Muse esata caddy
#8
da Cleaner, I hear ya about fragmentation. I just moved my MMC recording to a dedicated drive. Talk about fragmentation writing and deleting large media files It took a good while just to move them over.

Right now, in the case, I have 2 RAID 0 and a single 250 Gb. I m going to hold off till I go Nehalem and dump a RAID and replace w/ 2 1TB drives.
 

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swarfega

da Cleaner
Vista Pro
#9
ah nice. btw Im swarfega, da cleaner is a custom title :)
 

My Computer

System One

  • System Manufacturer/Model Number
    Self built
    CPU
    Intel E8400 3GHz
    Motherboard
    Intel DX48BT2
    Memory
    Kingston PC3-10666 4Gb
    Graphics Card(s)
    XFX 9800 GTX XXX
    Sound Card
    Soundblaster X-Fi XtremeMusic
    Monitor(s) Displays
    2x Samsung SM-T220HD 22"
    Screen Resolution
    1680x1050 on two monitors
    Hard Drives
    WD Raptor X/150Gb in RAID0
    WD Raptor 36gb
    3x Samsung F1 1Tb
    PSU
    Thermaltake ToughPower 850w
    Case
    Thermaltake Armor
    Cooling
    Tuniq Tower 120
    Keyboard
    Dell Multimedia Enhanced USB
    Mouse
    Razer Diamondback 3G
    Internet Speed
    8128/832
    Other Info
    Thermaltake Muse esata caddy
#10
Sorry swarfega, I just thought "da cleaner" was a cool name.

I have been doing a little reading and the new large drives seem to have some very good performance. I need more and more HD space all the time (like many of us). The 750 GB drives are really going down in price and 1.5TB will soon be out.

I plan to do a new build in Spring 09. I think by then the 1 TB drives will be a good deal. I may keep one RAID 0 as my C drive with 2x 500GB drives I am using now. But, that may change. I like Seagate drives.

I plan to have 12 GBs of memory. And cross fire my little HD3850 512MB. A second one by then should be cheap. It supports PCI-x 2.0 and I am not a gamer. I do- do a lot of video editing and converting etc.

I want the lower end Bloomfield 2.66 GHz 4 cores and Hyper-Threading. may be the lower end Bloomfield, but in no way will it be a low end LGA1366 CPU.

OK pagefile, hmmm, will I really use it much?
 

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Brink

Staff member
mvp
#11
Chuckbam,

I would believe that you would always still need the pagefile. Vista will not use it until you run out space in RAM anyway. It is better to be safe than get a out of memory error followed by a BSOD.

Hope this helps,
Shawn
 

My Computer

System One

  • Operating System
    Windows 10 Pro 64-bit
    System Manufacturer/Model Number
    Custom
    CPU
    Intel i7-8700K OC'd to 5 GHz
    Motherboard
    ASUS Maximus X Code Z370
    Memory
    16 GB (8GBx2) G.SKILL TridentZ DDR4 3200 MHz
    Graphics Card(s)
    ASUS ROG-STRIX-GTX1080TI-O11G-GAMING
    Sound Card
    Integrated
    Monitor(s) Displays
    3 x 27" Asus VE278Q
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    250GB Samsung 960 EVO M.2,
    256GB OCZ Vector,
    6TB WD Black WD6001FZWX
    PSU
    Seasonic Prime Titanium 850W
    Case
    Corsair Air 740
    Cooling
    Corsair Hydro H115i
    Keyboard
    Logitech wireless K800
    Mouse
    Logitech MX Master
    Internet Speed
    300 Mb/s Download and 30 Mb/s Upload
    Other Info
    Logitech Z625 speaker system,
    Creative F200 webcam,
    HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M477fdn,
    Linksys EA9500 router,
    Arris SB6190 cable modem,
    APC SMART-UPS RT 1000 XL,
    Lumia 1520 phone

Brink

Staff member
mvp
#13
No, the default settings should work just fine for you.
 

My Computer

System One

  • Operating System
    Windows 10 Pro 64-bit
    System Manufacturer/Model Number
    Custom
    CPU
    Intel i7-8700K OC'd to 5 GHz
    Motherboard
    ASUS Maximus X Code Z370
    Memory
    16 GB (8GBx2) G.SKILL TridentZ DDR4 3200 MHz
    Graphics Card(s)
    ASUS ROG-STRIX-GTX1080TI-O11G-GAMING
    Sound Card
    Integrated
    Monitor(s) Displays
    3 x 27" Asus VE278Q
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    250GB Samsung 960 EVO M.2,
    256GB OCZ Vector,
    6TB WD Black WD6001FZWX
    PSU
    Seasonic Prime Titanium 850W
    Case
    Corsair Air 740
    Cooling
    Corsair Hydro H115i
    Keyboard
    Logitech wireless K800
    Mouse
    Logitech MX Master
    Internet Speed
    300 Mb/s Download and 30 Mb/s Upload
    Other Info
    Logitech Z625 speaker system,
    Creative F200 webcam,
    HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M477fdn,
    Linksys EA9500 router,
    Arris SB6190 cable modem,
    APC SMART-UPS RT 1000 XL,
    Lumia 1520 phone
#14
Thanks,

I just hope I can hold out till the prices come down I am a 49 yr old kid with this stuff. The sys I have now works great

I did the Clear Virtual Memory Paging File at Shutdown reg. I think I may go back to default. It did slow my shutdown. And it seems like the boot too.
 

My Computer

Brink

Staff member
mvp
#15
LOL, I hear you Chuck. Having it set to clear it at shutdown will add some wait time to the shutdown, and to the boot time by having to reload what it needs. That's usually only helpful if privacy and security is a higher priority over performance when you have multiple users on the computer.
 

My Computer

System One

  • Operating System
    Windows 10 Pro 64-bit
    System Manufacturer/Model Number
    Custom
    CPU
    Intel i7-8700K OC'd to 5 GHz
    Motherboard
    ASUS Maximus X Code Z370
    Memory
    16 GB (8GBx2) G.SKILL TridentZ DDR4 3200 MHz
    Graphics Card(s)
    ASUS ROG-STRIX-GTX1080TI-O11G-GAMING
    Sound Card
    Integrated
    Monitor(s) Displays
    3 x 27" Asus VE278Q
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    250GB Samsung 960 EVO M.2,
    256GB OCZ Vector,
    6TB WD Black WD6001FZWX
    PSU
    Seasonic Prime Titanium 850W
    Case
    Corsair Air 740
    Cooling
    Corsair Hydro H115i
    Keyboard
    Logitech wireless K800
    Mouse
    Logitech MX Master
    Internet Speed
    300 Mb/s Download and 30 Mb/s Upload
    Other Info
    Logitech Z625 speaker system,
    Creative F200 webcam,
    HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M477fdn,
    Linksys EA9500 router,
    Arris SB6190 cable modem,
    APC SMART-UPS RT 1000 XL,
    Lumia 1520 phone
#16
I really don't like my info all over my hard drives. I don't think Disk Cleanup and CCleaner etc. delete the page file sys. Is there any way to clear it manually?

I am happy you told me about the slow boot. I was not sure that was the clear Virtual Memory reg mod causing that. I like to run long up-times and keep an eye on the event viewer. But, this is just a little to poky for me.
 

My Computer

Brink

Staff member
mvp
#17

My Computer

System One

  • Operating System
    Windows 10 Pro 64-bit
    System Manufacturer/Model Number
    Custom
    CPU
    Intel i7-8700K OC'd to 5 GHz
    Motherboard
    ASUS Maximus X Code Z370
    Memory
    16 GB (8GBx2) G.SKILL TridentZ DDR4 3200 MHz
    Graphics Card(s)
    ASUS ROG-STRIX-GTX1080TI-O11G-GAMING
    Sound Card
    Integrated
    Monitor(s) Displays
    3 x 27" Asus VE278Q
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    250GB Samsung 960 EVO M.2,
    256GB OCZ Vector,
    6TB WD Black WD6001FZWX
    PSU
    Seasonic Prime Titanium 850W
    Case
    Corsair Air 740
    Cooling
    Corsair Hydro H115i
    Keyboard
    Logitech wireless K800
    Mouse
    Logitech MX Master
    Internet Speed
    300 Mb/s Download and 30 Mb/s Upload
    Other Info
    Logitech Z625 speaker system,
    Creative F200 webcam,
    HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M477fdn,
    Linksys EA9500 router,
    Arris SB6190 cable modem,
    APC SMART-UPS RT 1000 XL,
    Lumia 1520 phone
#18
I have Prefetch set for boot only and Superfetch set to programs only. Probably I am good since it should all (most) go into the RAM.

I have a light duty dual core Vista notebook. Till I did away with Prefetch that HD never stopped working. I disabled indexing long before. I am not sold on Prefetch. I know for a fact that turning that thing off increased my notebooks performance. When I fist looked at it, the folder was very large. All that to start a program faster that I probably am not using?
 

My Computer

swarfega

da Cleaner
Vista Pro
#19
ah nice. btw Im swarfega, da cleaner is a custom title :)
Sorry swarfega, I just thought "da cleaner" was a cool name.

I have been doing a little reading and the new large drives seem to have some very good performance. I need more and more HD space all the time (like many of us). The 750 GB drives are really going down in price and 1.5TB will soon be out.

I plan to do a new build in Spring 09. I think by then the 1 TB drives will be a good deal. I may keep one RAID 0 as my C drive with 2x 500GB drives I am using now. But, that may change. I like Seagate drives.

I plan to have 12 GBs of memory. And cross fire my little HD3850 512MB. A second one by then should be cheap. It supports PCI-x 2.0 and I am not a gamer. I do- do a lot of video editing and converting etc.

I want the lower end Bloomfield 2.66 GHz 4 cores and Hyper-Threading. may be the lower end Bloomfield, but in no way will it be a low end LGA1366 CPU.

OK pagefile, hmmm, will I really use it much?

hehe da cleaner is kinda cool :D

hmm I wonder what the pricing for the new lga1366 will be. Could be expensive.

Also there is currently no point in having more than 4gb of ram as ive read that there is no performance difference between 4 and anything higher.
 

My Computer

System One

  • System Manufacturer/Model Number
    Self built
    CPU
    Intel E8400 3GHz
    Motherboard
    Intel DX48BT2
    Memory
    Kingston PC3-10666 4Gb
    Graphics Card(s)
    XFX 9800 GTX XXX
    Sound Card
    Soundblaster X-Fi XtremeMusic
    Monitor(s) Displays
    2x Samsung SM-T220HD 22"
    Screen Resolution
    1680x1050 on two monitors
    Hard Drives
    WD Raptor X/150Gb in RAID0
    WD Raptor 36gb
    3x Samsung F1 1Tb
    PSU
    Thermaltake ToughPower 850w
    Case
    Thermaltake Armor
    Cooling
    Tuniq Tower 120
    Keyboard
    Dell Multimedia Enhanced USB
    Mouse
    Razer Diamondback 3G
    Internet Speed
    8128/832
    Other Info
    Thermaltake Muse esata caddy
#20
4 Gb ~8 GB w/ Vista 64, my testing proved to me different. This should be the opining prices :



I would not call any Bloomfield a mainstream CPU. They will come out shortly after the launch. This is going to be a major advancement by Intel. This is just not a new socket 775! This is big. You need to read up on all the improvements. Intel is taking us into the next generation of computing. And, many other component technologies are getting mature enough to be right there with them. It is going to all come together. The bandwidth is going to blow everything we have seen in the past away. Well, they are already testing this stuff. You just need to take a look for your self. Software , patches, utilities and such will follow. It is in the back rooms now. Nehalem News
 

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