Tutorials

Windows Vista Tutorials, Tricks and Tips.
Vista Tutorials Quick Reference Index A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z A: Abort - Create Shortcut How to Create an "Abort" Shortcut in Vista About Windows Vista How to See About Windows in Vista Account Lockout when a User Fails to Logon - Enable How to Set Account Lockout when a User Fails to Logon in Vista Activate Vista by Phone How to Activate Vista Normally and by Phone Activation Activation - Extend Trial Period How to Extend Vista Trial Period for Up to 120 Days Activation - Reduced Functionality Mode Your Activation Period has Expired Activation - Uninstall Product Key Number and Deactivate Windows How to Uninstall the Product Key Number and Deactivate Windows 7 or Vista Add Printer Wizard Shortcut - Create How to Create a "Add Printer" Wizard Shortcut in Windows 7 and Vista Additional Clocks -Add How to Add Additional Time Zone Clocks in Vista and Windows 7 Additional Clocks Shortcut - Create How to Create a "Additional Clocks" Shortcut in Windows 7 and Vista Address Bar in Windows Explorer How to Use the Windows Explorer Address Bar in Vista Administrative Tools - Restore Shortcuts How to Restore the Administrative Tools Shortcuts in Vista Administrator Account - Change Name How to Rename the Vista Built-in Administrator Account Administrator Account- Enable How to Enable or Disable the Real Built-in Administrator Account in Vista Administrator Account - Enable from WinRE How to Enable the Built-in Administrator Account from WinRE Administrator Account - Reset to Default How to Reset User Profile of Built-in Administrator Account to Default in Windows Adobe Illustrator CS5 - Splash Screen - Change How to Change Adobe Illustrator Start Up Splash Screen Adobe Photoshop - Change Splash Screen How to Change Adobe Photoshop Splash Screen Advanced Appearance How to Change the Advanced Appearance Settings in Vista Advanced Appearance Settings - Backup and Restore in Windows How to Backup and Restore Advanced Appearance Settings in Windows Advanced Boot Options How to Boot Up in and Use Advanced Boot Options in Vista Advanced Search How to Use Advanced Search Options in Vista Advanced Searches How to Use the Advanced Query Language to Improve Windows Search Results Advanced System Properties - Add to "My Computer" Context Menu Add "Advanced System Properties" to "This PC" and "My Computer" Context Menu in Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8 Advanced System Properties Shortcut - Create Create an "Advanced System Properties" Shortcut in Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8 Aero - Add "Turn Aero On or Off" to the Context Menu How to Add or Remove "Turn Aero On or Off" from the Vista Context Menu Aero - Enable for Windows Vista Home Basic How to Enable Windows Aero on Vista Home Basic Aero Glass Transparency - Enable or Disable How to Enable or Disable Aero Glass Transparency in Vista Affinity - Add Set CPU Affinity to Context Menu How to Add or Remove "Run with CPU Affinity" to the Context Menu AHCI : Enable in Windows 7 / Vista How to Enable AHCI in Windows after Installation ALT Key Codes for Special Characters List How to Type Special Characters with ALT Keyboard Sequences ALT+TAB - Use Classic Icons or Default Thumbnails How to Use Classic Icons or Thumbnail Previews with ALT+TAB Keyboard Shortcut "Always use selected program" - Add or Remove in Open with How to Add or Remove "Always use selected program" in Open with "Always use selected program" - Always Checked or Unchecked How to Have "Always use selected program" Always Checked or Unchecked in "Open with" Animate controls and elements inside windows - On or Off How to Turn On or Off "Animate controls and elements inside windows" Animate Windows when Minimizing and Maximizing How to "Animate windows when minimizing and maximizing" in Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8 Animations - "Turn Off All Unnecessary Animations" How to "Turn off all unnecessary animations" in Vista and Windows 7 App Passwords in your Microsoft Account - Create or Remove Create or Remove App Passwords in your Microsoft Account when Two-Step Verification is Turned On Application - Add to "Open with" How to Add a Program to "Open with" in Vista and Windows 7 Application Associations - Set in Default Programs How to Set Default Associations For a Program in Vista Application - Clean Up and Remove from "Open with" How to Clean Up and Remove Programs from the "Open with" Context Menu Application - Create Keyboard Shortcut to Open How to Create a Keyboard Shortcut for a Program in Vista and Windows 7 Application - Desktop Composition - Disable How to Disable Desktop Composition for a Program Application - Elevated Shortcut without UAC Prompt - Create How to Create a Elevated Program Shortcut without a UAC Prompt Application Installation "Temp Folder" Error - Fix How to Fix "Temp folder is on a drive that is full or is inaccessible" Program Installation Error in Vista Application - Pin to Start Menu How to Pin a Program to the Start Menu in Vista Application - Remove from List in Default Programs How to Remove a Listed Program in Default Programs for Windows 7 and Vista Application - "Run as Different User" Shortcut - Create for Specified Program and User How to Create a Shortcut to Run a Program as a Specified User Application Shortcut- Add to Desktop Context Menu How to Add an Application Shortcut to the Desktop Context Menu Application - Turn DEP On or Off for How Turn DEP On or Off for a Program in Vista Application - Unable To Install Latest Version of in Vista Install/Uninstall Problems with Vista Application - Uninstall or Change How to Uninstall or Change a Program in Vista Applications and Documents - Run at User Logon How to Run Specific Programs and Documents at User Logon in Windows 7 and Vista Applications and Processes - Open and Close in Task Manager How to Open and Close a Application and Process in Vista Task Manager Applications - Compatibility Mode How to Use Compatibilty Mode in Vista Applications - Compatibility Mode List of Programs How to See and Change the List of Programs in Compatibility Mode in Vista Applications - Prevent Running Specified Programs How to Prevent Users from Running Specified Programs in Windows Applications - Run Only Specified Programs in Windows How to Allow Users to Run Only Specified Programs in Windows Audio Device - Enable Hidden Devices How to Enable Hidden Audio Devices in Vista and Windows 7 Aurora Boot Screen - Enable How to Enable the Hidden Aurora Boot Screen in Vista Aurora Screen Saver - Customize Settings How to Customize the Vista Aurora Screen Saver Settings Auto Arrange - Enable or Disable in Windows Explorer How to Disable Auto Arrange in Vista Windows Explorer to have Free Sorting AutoComplete - Turn On or Off in Internet Explorer How to Turn AutoComplete On or Off in Internet Explorer AutoComplete - Turn On or Off in Windows Explorer How to Turn AutoComplete On or Off in Windows Explorer AutoEndTask Apps Not Responding at Shutdown in Windows How to Turn On or Off to Automatically Close Apps not Responding at Shutdown in Windows Automatic Logon at Startup in Vista How to Logon Automatically at Startup in Vista Automatic Logon at Startup - Bypass in Windows How to Temporarily Bypass Automatic Logon at Startup in Windows Autorun.inf Files - Completely Block How to Completely Block Autorun.inf Files in Windows 7, Vista, and XP Auto Suggest - Internet Explorer - Delete Typed URLs How to Delete Typed URLs in Internet Explorer Auto Suggest Drop Down List Auto Suggest - Windows Explorer - Delete Typed Paths How to Delete Typed Paths in Windows Explorer Auto Suggest Drop Down List Auto Suggest - Windows Explorer - Turn On or Off How to Turn Auto Suggest On or Off in Windows Explorer Auto Tuning - TCP/IP receive level - Enable or Disable How to Enable or Disable the Receive Window Auto Tuning Level in Vista AutoPlay - Enable or Disable for Drives How to Enable or Disable AutoPlay for Drives in Vista, Widows 7, and Windows 8 AutoPlay - Enable or Disable Remembering User Choices Enable or Disable AutoPlay Remembering User Choices in Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8 AutoPlay Settings How to Change AutoPlay Settings in Vista Avast - Uninstall Completely How to Completely Uninstall Avast Antivirus AVG - Uninstall Completely How to Completely Uninstall AVG
How to Start Vista in Safe Mode Safe mode is a troubleshooting option for Windows that starts your computer with a minimal set of drivers and services. If an existing problem does not reappear when you start in safe mode, you can eliminate the default settings and basic device drivers as possible causes.If your computer automatically starts in safe mode without prompting, a problem with your computer might be preventing Vista from starting normally. If you think the cause of the problem might be a recently installed program or device, then try using System Restore. See: How to Do a System Restore in VistaCHANGE SAFE MODE USER ACCOUNT LOGON: If you would like to change the user account that Safe Mode is currently logged on with, then Log Off while in Safe Mode and select another user account to logon to back in Safe Mode. If you do not have another user account, then you can enable the built-in Administrator account while in Safe Mode to have available when you Log Off. EXAMPLE: Safe Mode Through Advanced Boot Options 1. Boot into the Advanced Boot Options screen. 2. Use the arrow keys to select Safe Mode and press Enter. (See screenshot below) NOTE: The computer will now start Vista in Safe Mode after you logon. 3. When done in Safe Mode, Restart the computer from the Start Menu to go back to the normal boot mode. Through System Configuration (msconfig) 1. To Start Vista in Safe Mode WARNING: This will set Vista to start into Safe Mode all the time until you set it back to the normal boot mode in step 2 below. A) Open the Start Menu. B) In the white line (Start Search) area, type msconfig and press Enter. C) Click on Continue in the UAC prompt. D) Click on the Boot tab. (See screenshot below) E) Check Safe boot and dot Minimal. F) Click on OK and restart the computer. NOTE: The computer will now start Vista in Safe Mode after you logon. 2. To Start Vista Back in Normal Mode WARNING: Before you can leave Safe Mode, you will need to set msconfig to start Vista back in normal mode. A) Open the Start Menu. B) In the white line (Start Search) area, type msconfig and press Enter. C) Click on the General tab. (See screenshot below) E) Dot Normal startup. F) Click on OK and restart the computer. NOTE: The computer will now start Vista in normal mode after you logon. If not, then make sure that Safe boot is unchecked and check Make all boot settings permanent (only stays checked until you OK or Apply is checked) and click OK in the screenshot below step 1. You can still make changes to Msconfig later if you want despite the warning. I will confirm it. Using BCDEDIT Command in a Command Prompt 1. Open either a elevated command prompt or a command prompt at boot. 2. In the command prompt, type the command below and press Enter. (see screenshot below) NOTE: Under the Windows Boot Loader sections, make note of the identifier value (ex: {current}) for the OS description (ex: Windows 7) that you want to use in steps 4, 5, or 6 below. bcdedit /enum 3. Do either step 4, 5, or 6 below for what you would like to do. 4. To Start in Safe Mode A) In the command prompt, type the command below and press enter. NOTE: Substitute identifier in the command below with the actual value or long GUID number to the right of identifer in the command used from step 2. bcdedit /set {identifier} safeboot minimal For example: If I wanted to have Windows 7 boot into Safe Mode using the values in the screenshot under step 2, I would type this command below and press Enter. bcdedit /set {current} safeboot minimal B) Go to step 7. 5. To Start in Safe Mode with Networking A) In the command prompt, type the command below and press enter. NOTE: Substitute identifier in the command below with the actual value or long GUID number to the right of identifer in the command used from step 2. bcdedit /set {identifier} safeboot network For example: If I wanted to have Windows 7 boot into Safe Mode with networking using the values in the screenshot under step 2, I would type this command below and press Enter. bcdedit /set {current} safeboot network B) Go to step 7. 6. To Start Windows 7 back in Normal Mode A) From step 2, look for the identifier (ex: {current}) for the OS description (ex: Windows 7) under a Windows Boot Loader section that has the safeboot value in it. B) In the command prompt, type the command below and press enter. NOTE: Substitute identifier in the command below with the actual value or long GUID number to the right of identifer in the command used from step 2. bcdedit /deletevalue {identifier} safeboot For example: If I wanted to have Windows 7 not boot into Safe Mode anymore, I would type this command below and press Enter. bcdedit /deletevalue {current} safeboot 7. Restart the computer. That's it, Shawn How to Start the Memory Diagnostics Tool in Vista How to Do a Startup Repair in Vista How To Perform a Repair Installation For Vista How to Do a System Restore in Vista How to Run Check Disk at Startup in Vista How to Check and Change the Startup Programs in Vista How to Repair and Verify the Integrity of Vista System Files with System File Checker How to Get Out of Reduced Functionality Mode in Vista How to Turn DEP On or Off for a Program How to Troubleshoot the Computer with Reliability Monitor in Vista How to Generate a System Health Report in Vista How to Use the DirectX Diagnostic Tool in Vista How to Use the Resource Monitor in Vista How to Boot Up in and Use Advanced Boot Options in Vista How to Enable or Disable the Real Built-in Administrator Account in Vista
How to Fix a Corrupted Recycle Bin in Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8 If you cannot Empty Recycle Bin or delete a file or folder inside the Recycle Bin, then this will show you how to fix the corrupted Recycle Bin so that you can by resetting it. This is done by deleting the Recycle Bin of each affected hard drive to have Windows automatically create a new clean Recycle Bin afterwards that will work properly again.This will permanently delete all files in the Recycle Bin for all user accounts on the computer To Fix Corrupted Recycle Bin Using an Elevated Command Prompt NOTE: You may need to repeat this inside of each hard drive or partition letter that you have displayed in Computer. 1. Open an elevated command prompt. 2. In the elevated command prompt, type the command below and press Enter. (see screenshot below) NOTE: Substitute Drive-Letter in the commmand below for the actual hard drive letter that the $Recycle.bin file is on. RD /S /Q Drive-Letter:\$Recycle.bin For example: If I wanted to delete the $Recycle.bin file on the C drive, I would type this below. RD /S /Q C:\$Recycle.bin 3. Repeat step 2 for any other drive letter that you have. 4. When finished, close the elevated command prompt. 5. Right click on a empty area of the desktop and click on Refresh. 6. The Recycle Bin should be empty now. NOTE: See also: Recycle Bin - Restore To Fix Corrupted Recycle Bin in Windows Explorer NOTE: You may need to repeat this inside of each hard drive or partition letter that you have displayed in Computer. 1. Open Folder Options, and click on the View tab. A) Select (dot) Show hidden files and folders. B) Uncheck Hide protected operating system files. C) Click on OK. 2. Open the Start Menu. (see screenshot below) A) Click on the Computer button on the darker right side. NOTE: If you do not have the Computer button, then see OPTION ONE here to add it: How to Customize the Start Menu in Vista 3. Click on the C:\ drive to open it, or the drive that has Vista installed on it. (see screenshot below) NOTE: For the other hard drive letters, just click on that hard drive letter and repeat the same instructions below. 4. Right click on the $RECYCLE.BIN folder, and click Delete. (see screenshot below) NOTE: If for some reason, Windows will not let you delete this file, then boot into Safe Mode and try to delete it again. 5. Click on Yes. (see screenshot below) 6. Click on Continue. (see screenshot below) 7. Click on Continue in the UAC prompt. 8. Click on Yes. (see screenshot below) 9. Check the Do this for all current items box, then click Yes. (see screenshot below) 10. Repeat steps 3-9 for any other hard drive letter that you have in the Computer window. 11. Vista will then automatically create a new $RECYCLE.BIN folder and Recycle Bin on the Desktop for you afterwards. NOTE: You may need to press F5 to refresh the window to see the new $RECYCLE.BIN folder. If you still do not see a new one, then restart the computer to have it create a new one for you. See also: Recycle Bin - Restore 12. Right click on a empty area of the desktop and click on Refresh. 13. Open Folder Options, and click on the View tab. A) Select (dot) Don't show hidden files and folders. B) Check Hide protected operating system files. C) Click on OK. That's it, Shawn How to Change Recycle Bin Maximum Storage Size in Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8 How to Replace Delete in the Recycle Bin Context Menu in Vista How to Set Recycle Bin to Permanently Delete a Item Immediately in Vista How to Enable or Disable the Recycle Bin Delete Confirmation Dialog in Vista How to Customize the Recycle Bin Context Menu in Vista How to Restore and Change a Desktop Icon in Vista How to Restore Previous Versions of a File and Folder in Vista How to Fix the Recycle Bin Icon Not Refreshing When Emptied How to Restore the Recycle Bin back to the Desktop in Vista How to Empty Recycle Bin in Windows 8 and 8.1
How to Download a Vista ISO and Create an Installation DVD or USB Downloads are available for the 32 (X86) and 64 bit (X64) versions of Vista Ultimate only, in English, French and German, but if, during the install, you do not enter the product key when initially prompted for it then you will be asked to select the version of Vista you want to install. It can be any of these four: Windows Vista Home Basic Windows Vista Home Premium Windows Vista Business Windows Vista Ultimate You must have a valid installation key, which should be on the COA sticker on the computer, to activate the installation once it completes. To Download the Vista Setup Files The Vista downloads listed below seem to come and go. Right now, 10/12/2014 at 3:39PM EST they are available. I don't know of any other location they are legally available from, sorry. 1. Downloaded the Vista X64 or X86 setup files. http://www.heidoc.net/joomla/technology-science/microsoft/57-windows-vista-direct-download-links X64 (64 bit): install.wim boot.wim X14-63453.exe X86 (32 bit): install.wim boot.wim X14-63452.exe Both X14-63453.exe and X14-63452.exe will be downloaded as MicrosoftInstaller.exe. For consistency, please rename MicrosoftInstaller.exe to X14-63453.exe or X14-63452.exe, depending on which you downloaded. Wait for all downloads to complete before continuing 2. Double click (or right click and Open) on the downloaded X14-63453.exe or X14-63452.exe. It extracts all the files into a Vista sub-folder. 3. If they are not already there, copy boot.wim and install.wim into the Vista\sources folder that is created when you doubled clicked on the .exe file in step 2. 4. Download the Windows Bootable Image Creator zip file, WBICreator.zip. https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/wbicreator-zip.28630/ 5. Extract the files in WBICreator.zip to a folder. To Create the Vista ISO File You can download the files on any computer but you must be running on a 64bit (X64) system to create a 64Bit install DVD or flash drive 6. Open the folder and double click (or right click and Open) WBICreator.exe 7. Click Next 8. Select OS Type: Windows Vista (all the way to the bottom) 9. CD/DVD Label: VistaX64 or VistaX86 10. Setup Location: The Vista folder created when you double clicked on X14-63453.exe or X14-63452.exe. 11. Output Path: Somewhere with enough free space to hold the .iso file that will be created (X64 = 3,837,112KB, X86 = 3,013,816KB). 12. Click GO. When done a VistaX64.iso or VistaX86.iso file will be created in the Output Path you chose. To Create Vista Installation DVD or USB Flash Drive with ISO File 13. You can use the generated .iso to create a Vista Install DVD. 13a. Download and install and run ImgBurn. 13b. Make sure you deselect anything other than ImgBurn during the install by always taking the Custom choice. 13c. Click on Write image file to disc 13d. Click the Browse for file button and selecta the ISO file you just created. 13e. Click Write. A nice little tune will play when the DVD create completes. 14. You can also create a bootable USB Flash drive (4GB or larger) to install Vista from. 14a. Download and run Universal USB Installer Easy as 1 2 3 14b. Select Vista from the first drop down list, all the way to the bottom 14c. Select the VistaX64.iso or VistaX86 .iso file 14d. Select your USB flash drive 14e. Click Create I created a X86 flash drive and used it to install a clean copy of Vista Home Basic on my HP DV2200 Laptop. Worked great using the key on the COA sticker of the laptop. Remember to activate after the install has completed. Note: You may need to download drivers for the computer from the manufacturers web site so I would suggest getting the Network (LAN and Wireless) and video/VGA drivers ahead of time so you can install them as soon as you finish installing Vista. How to Create a Bootable USB Flash Thumb Drive to Install Vista with
How to Change the Internet Time Synchronization Update Interval in Windows This tutorial will show you how to change the Internet Time Synchronization Update Interval to be updated more often in Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8. This could be used as a workaround if your system clock is constantly out of sync or slow, even though it says the sync was successful. Windows gets the initial time from the BIOS, check to see if the time and date is correct in it if the time is always incorrect. If the system clock loses track of the time when you shut down the computer, then this could be the CMOS battery on your motherboard getting weak and dying. You will just need to replace the battery. This is usually a lithium button cell, type CR2032. A slow system clock while running is usually due to interference from some other program. This can sometimes be the antivirus or firewall program. You can test this by not running the suspect program for a few days to see if the time is accurate again. If it is the program, then you will either need to adjust it's settings to prevent the interference or find a different program to use instead that does not interfere. For how to do Internet Time Synchronization after you finish this tutorial, see How to Use Internet Time Synchronization in Windows. Do not change the query interval to less than every 4 seconds to avoid possibly getting your computer's IP address banned by the time server. See: NIST Internet Time Servers FIRST: 1. Try changing the time server to another one that may Synchronize without any errors. See the Warning in the link below to. Here's How: 1. Press the Windows+R keys to open the Run dialog, type regedit, and press Enter. 2. If prompted by UAC, then click on Continue (Vista) or Yes (Windows 7/8). 3. In regedit, navigate to the location below. (see screenshot below) HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\w32Time\TimeProviders\NtpClient 4. In the right pane, right click on SpecialPollInterval and click on Modify. (see screenshot above) 5. Select (dot) Decimal. (see screenshot below) 6. Type in how often you want it to update the time in seconds, and click on OK. (see screenshot below) NOTE: The default time is every 604800 seconds (7 days). For every day, use 86400 seconds. (60 seconds X 60 minutes X 24 hours X 1 day) Do not change the query interval to less than every 4 seconds to avoid possibly getting your computer's IP address banned by the time server. See: NIST Internet Time Servers 7. Close regedit. That's it, Shawn How to Use Internet Time Synchronization Windows How to See the Date and Time on the Taskbar in Vista How to Set the Clock to Military 24 Hour Time in Vista How to Add Additional Time Zone Clocks in Vista How to Change the Date and Time in Vista How to Change the Time Zone in Vista How to Change the Date Format in Vista How to Change the Date and Time in Windows 7 How to Change the Date and Time in Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 How to Turn On or Off Internet Time Synchronization in Windows 8 and 8.1
Restore Default Vista File Extension Type Associations This will allow you to restore the default registry entries and program associations for the Vista file extension type of your choice. This can be helpful for example when a file extension type opens with the wrong program by default, has the wrong icon, or is missing or corrupted in the registry. Downloading the .reg file for the selected file extension in the tutorial below, will restore that file extension back to default for all of these items above. If the file extension type you need to restore is not listed below yet, then please post a request for it. I'll be happy to add it to the list. :) Default program associations for file extensions are a per user setting by default, so you will need to be logged on to the effected user account to be able to restore the default associations of the file extension for that specific user account. If you are logged in as a standard user and this still does not help, then have the administrator also merge the needed .reg for the file extension below while logged into their administrator account. These default file extensions should only be used in Vista. Here's How: 1. Click on the file extension type link listed below for the one that you wish to restore to default to download it's .zip file. 2. Save the .zip file to your desktop. 3. Open the downloaded .zip file, then extract the .reg file to the desktop. 4. Right click on the extracted .reg file and click on Merge. If you do not see a Merge option when you right click on the REG file, then you will need to check in Default Programs to set the reg file extension to have it's Current Default program set as Registry Editor (C:\Windows\regedit.exe). Afterwards, try merging the REG file again. 5. If prompted, click on Run, Continue (UAC), Yes, and OK. NOTE: If you are logged in a standard user account, then you will get a Cannot import type error. Just click on OK for it. This is normal since what cannot be imported can only be done so by an administrator account instead. It will still restore the default association of the file extension though. 6. When done, you can delete the downloaded .zip and .reg files on the desktop if you like. 7. Log off and log on, or restart the computer to fully apply. Default Vista File Extension Types: ani - Windows animated cursor file. aspx - A file with the ASPX file extension is an ASP.NET Source file. AudioCD - Audio CD protocol associations. avi - Audio Video Interleave files. The default program is Windows Media Player. bat - Batch files. bmp - Bitmap image files. The default program is Windows Photo Gallery. cab - Cabinet files. chm - Microsoft compiled HTML help files. cmd - Windows command script files. com - MS-DOS application files. contact - Contact file used in Windows Mail. The default program is Windows Contacts. css - Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) file used to format the contents of a Web page; contains customized, global properties for how to display HTML elements; can define the size, color, font, line spacing, indentation, borders, and location of HTML elements. cur - Windows File Cursor animation files used for the Microsoft Windows mouse pointer image. dat - Generic data file created by a specific application; typically accessed only by the application that created the file; may contain data in text or binary format; text-based DAT files can be viewed in a text editor. Directory - Directory protocol associations dll - A Dynamic Link Library (dll) file is a support file used by one or more programs. drive - Drive protocol associations. exe - Executable application files. folder - Folder protocol associations. gif - GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) image files. The default program is Internet Explorer. hlp - Help File htm - HTML (Hypertext Mark-up Language) document files. The default program is Internet Explorer. html - HTML (Hypertext Mark-up Language) document files. The default program is Internet Explorer. ico - Icon files. The default program is Windows Photo Gallery. inf - Setup information files. The default program is Notepad. jpe - JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) image files. The default program is Windows Photo Gallery. jpeg - JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) image files. The default program is Windows Photo Gallery. jpg - JPG (Joint Photographic Group) image files. The default program is Windows Photo Gallery. js - Java Script files. The default program is Microsoft Windows Based Script Host (C:\Windows\System32\wscript.exe). lnk - Shortcut link (LNK) files. manifest - A XML file that contains information about accompanying files in the same archive. mp3 - MP3 sound format file. The default program is Windows Media Player. mp4 - MPEG-4 movie file. The default program is Windows Media Player. mpa - MPEG audio file. The default program is Windows Media Player. mpe - MPEG movie file. The default program is Windows Media Player. mpeg - MPEG (Moving Picture Experts Group) video file. The default program is Windows Media Player. mpg - MPEG video file. The default program is Windows Media Player. msc - Mirosoft Common Console document files. msi - Microsoft Windows Installer installation package file. pdf - Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format created by Adobe Systems. By default, Vista does not support reading this file type. Using this to restore the default PDF association in Vista will remove all associations for the pdf file extension. You will need to install a 3rd party program like Adobe Reader to be able to open and read pdf files in Vista. pif - Short for Program InFormation file, a type of file that holds information about how Windows should run a non-Windows application. png - Portable Network Graphics (PNG) is a bitmap compression method for image files. PNG supports 16.7 million colors, it is lossless and also supports index color, grayscale, true color, transparency, and is streamable. It is thus the best compression method (better than GIF or JPEG) for use on the web reg - Registry files. NOTE: You may need to the default program as Registry Editor (C:\Windows\regedit.exe), or enable regedit before you will be able to use this REG file. rtf - Rich Text document files. The default program is WordPad. scr - Screen Saver files. tif - Tagged Image files Format. The default program is Windows Photo Gallery. tiff - Tagged Image files Format. The default program is Windows Photo Gallery. tmp - Temp file. By default, this file extension does not have a program associated with it. txt - Text document files. The default program is Notepad. url - Internet website shortcut link. The default program is Internet Explorer. vbs - Visual Basic Script files. The default program is Microsoft Windows Based Script Host (C:\Windows\System32\wscript.exe). wav - Wave audio file. wma - Windows Media Audio files. The default program is Windows Media Player. wmv - Windows Media Audio/Video file. The default program is Windows Media Player. wsf - Windows Script Files. The default program is Microsoft Windows Based Script Host (C:\Windows\System32\wscript.exe). xml - Excel Macro files. The default program is Internet Explorer. xps - XML Paper Specification document files. The default program is XPS Viewer (C:\Windows\System32\XPSViewer\XPSViewer.exe). xsl - A eXtensible Stylesheet Language file that defines the style of text, tables, and other objects within a XML document; similar to a .CSS file used by .HTML documents. The default program is Internet Explorer. zip - ZIP file extensions is a archival and data compression format used to compress one or more files to reduce the size of the file. The default program is Compressed Folders. NOTE: This is a .reg file for the ZIP download only, so go to step 4 after downloading it. How to Associate a Individual File Extension Type With a Program in Vista How to Set Default Associations For a Program in Vista How to Unassociate a File Extension Type in Vista How to Show and Change a File Name Extension in Vista How to Add a Program to Open With in Vista How to Change a File Extension Type Icon in Vista How to Restore the Built-in ZIP File Support in Vista How to Turn Compressed Folders On or Off in Vista
How to See System Uptime in Vista and Windows 7 The system up time will show you how much time your system has been running since the last time the computer had been shutdown or restarted. It can be fun to see who has the longest up time. This can be handy in order to know if and when the system has recovered from a possible power failure or any other issue it might have had. See System "Up Time" Using Task Manager 1. Open the Task Manager. NOTE: Right click on the taskbar and click Task Manager, or press Ctrl + Shift + Esc keys. 2. Click on the Performance tab. (see screenshot below) 3. The current system Up Time is shown under System. See System "Up Time" Using a Command Prompt 1. Open the Start Menu, then copy and paste the command below in the search box and press Enter. cmd /k systeminfo | find "System Boot Time" 2. You will now see the system uptime information. (See screenshot below) NOTE: It may take a few seconds to display. That's it, Shawn How to See the About Windows Vista and System Information How to See Windows Vista Current License Information How to Display Information About Previous Logons During User Logon in Vista How to See Vista Boot Information at Startup Enable or Disable Detailed Logon, Logoff, and Shutdown Status Messages in Vista How to See the Last Shutdown Time of Your Windows PC How to Tell if Windows 7 is a 32-bit or 64-bit System Type How to See Windows 7 License Information How to See System Information in Vista and Windows 7 See Original Installation Date and Time of Windows 7 and Windows 8
How to Create a Shortcut for "Show Windows Stacked" or "Show Windows Side by Side" This will show you how to create a Show Windows Stacked, Show Windows Side by Side, and a Undo Windows shortcut that can be placed where you like them for easy use in Windows 7 and Vista.These shortcuts will allow you to have open windows on your desktop to either be displayed side by side vertically or stacked horizontally. The UndoWindows shortcut will set the open window back the way they were displayed before clicking on the SideBySide and Stacked shortcuts.You can minimize the opened windows that you do not want included in the stack to the taskbar before using the scripts below. EXAMPLE: Show Windows Stacked on Desktop EXAMPLE: Show Windows Side by Side on Desktop EXAMPLE: Default Shortcuts Location NOTE: This is the defauly location of these shortcuts. Right click on the taskbar to see these. You will not see Undo Show Stacked or Undo Show Side by Side until after you clicked on either Show Windows Side by Side or Show Windows Stacked. To Download the Shortcuts 1. Click on the Download button below to download the file below. ShowWindows.zip https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/showwindows-zip.3363/ 2. Click on Save and save it to the Desktop. 3. Right click on the downloaded zip file and click on Open. 4. Click on Allow in the (UAC-Vista). 5. Extract (drag and drop) the Stacked.vbs, SideBySide.vbs, and UndoWindows.vbs files to the desktop. 6. Right click on each extracted vbs file one at a time, and click on Properties, General tab, and on the Unblock button. (See screenshot below) NOTE: If you do not have a Unblock button under the General tab, then the vbs file is already unblocked. 7. When done, you can delete the Show Desktop.zip (On Desktop) file if you want to. 8. Go to OPTION THREE below. To Manually Create Shortcuts 1. Open the Start menu. 2. To Create the Show Windows Side by Side Shortcut A) In the white line (Start Search) area type Notepad.exe and press Enter. B) Copy and Paste this into Notepad: (See code below) dim objShell set objShell = CreateObject("Shell.Application") objShell.TileVertically set objShell = nothing C) In Notepad, click on File and click on Save As. D) Change the save location to the Desktop. E) In the File Name line, type SidebySide.vbs and click on Save. (See screenshot below) NOTE: You can name it anything you would like. Just have .vbs at the end of it. F) Close Notepad. 3. To Create the Show Windows Stacked Shortcut A) In the white line (Start Search) area type Notepad.exe and press Enter. B) Copy and Paste this into Notepad: (See code below) dim objShell set objShell = CreateObject("Shell.Application") objShell.TileHorizontally set objShell = nothing C) In Notepad, click on File and click on Save As. D) Change the save location to the Desktop. E) In the File Name line, type Stacked.vbs and click on Save. (See screenshot below) NOTE: You can name it anything you would like. Just have .vbs at the end of it. F) Close Notepad. 4. To Create the UndoWindows (Undo Show Side by Side or Stacked) Shortcut A) In the white line (Start Search) area type Notepad.exe and press Enter. B) Copy and Paste this below into Notepad: (See code below) dim objShell set objShell = CreateObject("Shell.Application") objShell.UndoMinimizeALL set objShell = nothing C) In Notepad, click on File and click on Save As. D) Change the save location to the Desktop. E) In the File Name line, type UndoWindows.vbs and click on Save. (See screenshot below) NOTE: You can name it anything you would like. Just have .vbs at the end of it. F) Close Notepad. 5. Go to OPTION THREE below. To Have Shortcuts with Different Icons NOTE: The .vbs file icons from above cannot be changed. If these .vbs files are ok with you to use as the shortcut, then proceed to OPTION FOUR below. 1. Right click on one of the .vbs files (On Desktop) from OPTION ONE or OPTION TWO above and click Create Shortcut. 2. Right click on the new shortcut (On desktop) and click Properties. 3. For more on how to change a shortcut icon, see: How to Change a Shortcut Folder or File Icon in Vista How to Add Shortcuts to Quick Launch NOTE: Quick Launch would be the easiest way to use these shortcuts, but you can have them where you like. 1. Go to: How to Use Quick Launch in Vista or How to Enable or Disable Quick Launch in Windows 7 NOTE: See OPTION ONE under the How to Add or Remove Shortcuts to Quick Launchsection at this link. 2. Move the new shortcuts (On Desktop) from above to inside the Quick Launch folder location. That's it, Shawn How to Change the Desktop Background Wallpaper in Vista How to Hide or Show Desktop Icon Text in Vista How to Restore and Change a Desktop Icon in Vista How to Change the Desktop Icons View Alignment and Sort By Order in Vista How to Change the Size of Desktop Icons in Vista How to Change the Desktop Theme in Vista How to Use and Create a Flip 3D Shortcut in Vista How to Create a Show Desktop Shortcut in Vista How to Create a Fully Functional Internet Explorer Shortcut in Vista How to Use Quick Launch in Vista
How to Restore a Missing or Default Location of User Folders in Vista This tutorial will show you how to restore a personal user folder if it has been deleted, in the wrong location, or is missing from your C:\Users\(user name) or Start menu location. If you have duplicate user folders instead, then you will need to backup the contents of the duplicate user folders, do OPTION TWO below, delete the duplicate folders, then you may need to restart the computer a couple of times first before the default location is restored. EXAMPLE: Personal User Profile Folders EXAMPLE: Personal User Profile Folders Start menu Location Restore User Folders Using Folder Properties NOTE: This can help restore the default location of a user folder. If it does not help, then use OPTION TWO below. 1. Right click on the user folder that you want to restore the default location for and click on Properties. NOTE: Do this from the C:\Users\(user name) location for the best results and not from the Start menu user folders. 2. Click on the Location tab. (See screenshot below step 3) NOTE: If you do not have a Location tab, then this is not the correct user folder and is only a normal folder that has the same name as the user folder. You will most likely need to use OPTION TWO below in this case instead. 3. Click on the Restore Default button and click on OK. (See screenshot below) 4. If you get this, then click on Yes. (See screenshot below) 5. Click on Yes. (See screenshot below) WARNING: If you do not click on Yes, you will have two copies of the personal user folder in the main (user name) folder with one being as described in the NOTE under step 2. Manually Restore User Folders with Reg File Download & Registry Editor This is a more thorough method of restoring a user folder's default location, or restore missing user folders. The reg files in the downloads below will restore the default values at this registry location below. HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\User Shell Folders If you have any duplicate user folders, or user folders that do not have a Location properties tab (Option One), then you will need to: Backup only the folder's contents to another location to be safe. Now proceed with the steps below 1. Open your C:\Users\(user-name) folder. If the user folder is missing, then create a New Folder and rename it with the name below for that user folder. User Folder Rename with Contacts Contacts Desktop Desktop Documents Documents Downloads Downloads Favorites Favorites Links Links Music Music Pictures Pictures Saved Games Saved Games Searches Searches Videos Videos 2. To Restore Default Contacts Folder Location A) Click on the download button below to download the file below. Restore_Default_Contacts_Location.reg https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/restore_default_contacts_location-reg.14560/ 3. To Restore Default Desktop Folder Location A) Click on the download button below to download the file below. Restore_Desktop_Default_Location.reg https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/restore_desktop_default_location-reg.6950/ 4. To Restore Default Documents Folder Location A) Click on the download button below to download the file below. Restore_Documents_Default_Location.reg https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/restore_documents_default_location-reg.6949/ 5. To Restore Default Downloads Folder Location A) Click on the download button below to download the file below. Restore_Downloads_Default_Location.reg https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/restore_downloads_default_location-reg.6948/ 6. To Restore Default Favorites Folder Location A) Click on the download button below to download the file below. Restore_Favorites_Default_Location.reg https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/restore_favorites_default_location-reg.6947/ 7. To Restore Default Links Folder Location A) Click on the download button below to download the file below. Restore_Default_Links_Location.reg https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/restore_default_links_location-reg.14563/ 8. To Restore Default Music Folder Location A) Click on the download button below to download the file below. Restore_Music_Default_Location.reg https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/restore_music_default_location-reg.6946/ 9. To Restore Default Pictures Folder Location A) Click on the download button below to download the file below. Restore_Pictures_Default_Location.reg https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/restore_pictures_default_location-reg.6945/ 10. To Restore Default Saved Games Folder Location A) Click on the download button below to download the file below. Restore_Default_Saved_Games_Location.reg https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/restore_default_saved_games_location-reg.14561/ 11. To Restore Default Searches Folder Location A) Click on the download button below to download the file below. Restore_Default_Searches_Location.reg https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/restore_default_searches_location-reg.14562/ 12. To Restore Default Videos Folder Location A) Click on the download button below to download the file below. Restore_Videos_Default_Location.reg https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/restore_videos_default_location-reg.6944/ 13. Save the .reg file to your Desktop. 14. Right click on the downloaded .reg file, and click on Merge. 15. Click on Run, Yes, Yes, and OK when prompted. 16. Open the Start Menu, then type regedit in the search box and press enter. 17. If prompted by UAC, then click on Continue (administrator) or enter administrator's password (if standard user). 18. In regedit, navigate to the location below. (see screenshot below) HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders 19. In the right pane of Shell Folders, right click on the user folder in the Name column in the registry (see table below) that you want to restore, then click on Modify. (see screenshot above) NOTE: If the Name entry in the table below is not there, then right click on a empty space in the right pane, click on New and String Value, and give it the name in bold below for that user folder. User Folder Name in Registry Contacts {56784854-C6CB-462B-8169-88E350ACB882} Desktop Desktop Documents Personal Downloads {374DE290-123F-4565-9164-39C4925E467B} Favorites Favorites Links {BFB9D5E0-C6A9-404C-B2B2-AE6DB6AF4968} Music My Music Pictures My Pictures Saved Games {4C5C32FF-BB9D-43B0-B5B4-2D72E54EAAA4} Searches {7D1D3A04-DEBB-4115-95CF-2F29DA2920DA} Videos My Videos 20. Type in the full default path (see table below) of the user folder, and click on OK. (see screenshot below) NOTE: Substitute User-Name in the full path with your user account name instead. User Folder Default Path Contacts C:\Users\User-Name\Contacts Desktop C:\Users\User-Name\Desktop Documents C:\Users\User-Name\Documents Downloads C:\Users\User-Name\Downloads Favorites C:\Users\User-Name\Favorites Links C:\Users\User-Name\Links Music C:\Users\User-Name\Music Pictures C:\Users\User-Name\Pictures Saved Games C:\Users\User-Name\Saved Games Searches C:\Users\User-Name\Searches Videos C:\Users\User-Name\Videos 21. Close Regedit. 22. Open an elevated command prompt. 23. In the elevated command prompt, Copy and Paste the command below for the user folder icon that you want to restore to default. (see table below) NOTE: This will set the user folder attributes back to default. You can Copy and Paste these to make it easier for you. User Folder Command Contacts attrib +r -s -h %USERPROFILE%\Contacts /S /D Desktop attrib +r -s -h %USERPROFILE%\Desktop /S /D Documents attrib +r -s -h %USERPROFILE%\Documents /S /D Downloads attrib +r -s -h %USERPROFILE%\Downloads /S /D Favorites attrib +r -s -h %USERPROFILE%\Favorites /S /D Links attrib +r -s -h %USERPROFILE%\Links /S /D Music attrib +r -s -h %USERPROFILE%\Music /S /D Pictures attrib +r -s -h %USERPROFILE%\Pictures /S /D Saved Games attrib +r -s -h %USERPROFILE%\"Saved Games" /S /D Searches attrib +r -s -h %USERPROFILE%\Searches /S /D Videos attrib +r -s -h %USERPROFILE%\Videos /S /D 24. Close the elevated command prompt. 25. Open the Start Menu, then Copy and Paste the Shell command (see table below) in the search box for the User folder that you want to restore, and press Enter. NOTE: If this opens the missing personal user folder(s), then you are done and can skip step 26 and go to step 27 instead. User Folder Shell Command Contacts shell:Contacts Desktop shell:desktop Documents shell:personal Downloads shell:downloads Favorites shell:Favorites Links shell:Links Music shell:My Music Pictures shell:My Pictures Saved Games shell:SavedGames Searches shell:Searches Videos shell:My Video 26. Log off and log on, or restart the computer to finish restoring the user folder location. NOTE: Sometimes you may need to restart more than once for the changes to be applied. 27. When done, you can delete the downloaded .reg file(s) if you like. 28. If you have any duplicate user folders left, or user folders that do not have a Location properties tab (Option One), then you will need to: Delete all duplicate user folders without the correct default C:\Users\(user-name)\(user-folder) path (see step 20) and user folders without a Location properties tab. That's it, Shawn How to Fix a Personal User Shell Folder Displayed as a Standard Yellow Folder Icon in Vista How to Change a Personal User Folder Location in Vista How to Prevent or Allow User Profile Folders Location Change in Vista How to Change the Default Location of a User Profile in Windows 7 and Vista
How to Upload and Post a Screenshot and File in Vista Forums This tutorial will show you how to upload, attach, and post a screenshot, image, or a file in your post here at Vista Forums. CONTENTS: Option One: To Insert Image into Post Option Two: To Attach Files to Post option1To Insert Image into Post 1. Do step 2 or step 3 below for how you want to insert an image into your post. option1s22. Drag and drop the image from your computer to where you want into your post, and go to step 8 below. (see screenshot below) option1s33. Place the cursor in your post where you want to insert the image at, click/tap on the Insert image (Ctrl+P) button on the toolbar of your post, and go to step 4 below. (see screenshot below) option1s44. Do step 5 (drop) or step 6 (click) below for which option you want to use. option1s55. Drag and drop the image from your computer into the Drop Image box, and go to step 8 below. (see screenshot below) option1s66. Click/tap on the Drop Image box. (see screenshot below) 7. Browse to and select the image you want to insert, click/tap on Open, and go to step 8 below. (see screenshot below) option1s88. Select the now attached image in your post, and select if you want a Thumbnail (recommended) or Full image version of this image. (see screenshot below) option1s99. If you want to add a link to the image, then click/tap on the image in your post, and click/tap on the Insert link icon. (see screenshot below) A) Type the URL address you want for the link, and click/tap on Insert. (see screenshots below) 10. When you are ready to submit your post, click/tap on the Post reply button. (see screenshots below) option2To Attach Files to Post 1. Click/tap on the Attach files button at the bottom left of the post box. (see screenshots below) 2. Browse to and select the file you want to attach, and click/tap on Open. (see screenshot below) 3. Do step 4 (file) or step 5 (image) below depending on what type of file you uploaded to attach. option2s44. If you uploaded a file, you will now see it listed at the bottom. Go to step 6 below. (see screenshot below) option2s55. If you uploaded an image, place the cursor in your post where you want to insert the image, select if you want a Thumbnail (recommended) or Full image version of this image, and go to step 9 in Option One above. (see screenshots below) option2s66. When you are ready to submit your post, click/tap on the Post reply button. (see screenshots below) That's it, Shawn
How to Hide or Unhide a Drive in Vista and Windows 7 This will show you how to hide or unhide a drive from being displayed in Computer and Windows Explorer in Vista and Windows 7. By default, all drives are not hidden.This will only hide or unhide the drive in Vista and Windows 7, and will not prevent access to the drive from say the command prompt or Run command window. This will not unhide a drive that was not hidden by this method. EXAMPLE: The D drive set to Unhide and Hide in Computer NOTE: Open the Start menu and click on the Computer button to see this. Using the Local Group Policy Editor NOTE: For more drive letter options, see Method Three below. 1. Open the all users, specific users or groups, or all users except administrators Local Group Policy Editor for how you want this policy applied. 2. In the left pane, click on User Configuration, Administrative Templates, Windows Components, and Windows Explorer. (See screenshot below) 3. In the right pane, right click on Hide these specified drives in My Computer and click on Properties. (See screenshot above) 4. To Unhide All Drives A) Select (dot) Disabled or Not Configured and click on OK. (See screenshot below step 5C) B) Go to step 6. 5. To Hide a Drive or Combination of Drives A) Select (dot) Enabled. B) Click on the drop down arrow and select the drive or combination of drives option that you want to set as restricted (hidden). (See screenshot below) NOTE: Even though the options say Restrict, it is to Hide the drive(s). C) Click on OK. 6. Close the Local Group Policy Editor window. Your done. Using a REG File Download NOTE: Whichever REG file you choose to use, it will overide all of the others. For more drive letter options, see the Method Three below. 1. To Hide A and B drives only A) https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/hide_a_b_drives-reg.4110/ B) Go to step 8. 2. To Hide C drive only A) https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/hide_c_drive-reg.4111/ B) Go to step 8. 3. To Hide D drive only A) https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/hide_d_drive-reg.4112/ B) Go to step 8. 4. To Hide A, B, and C drives only A) https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/hide_a_b_c_drives-reg.4113/ B) Go to step 8. 5. To Hide A, B, C, and D drives only A) https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/hide_a_b_c_d_drives-reg.4114/ B) Go to step 8. 6. To Hide All drives A) https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/hide_all_drives-reg.4115/ B) Go to step 8. 7. To Unhide All drives A) https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/unhide_all_drives-reg.14092/ 8. Save the .reg file to your Desktop. 9. Right click on the downloaded .reg file, and click on Merge. 10. Click on Run, Continue (UAC-Vista) or Yes (UAC-Windows 7), Yes, and then OK when prompted. 11. When done, you can delete the downloaded .reg file if you like. 12. Log off and log on, or restart the computer to apply changes. Manually in Registry Editor 1. Open the Start Menu, then type regedit in the search box and press Enter. 2. If prompted by UAC, then click on the Continue (Vista) or Yes (Windows 7).. 3. In regedit, navigate to the location below. (See screenshot below) HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer 4. To Hide a Drive or Combination of Drives A) In the right pane of Explorer, right click on a empty area, click on New and DWORD (32-bit) Value, and type NoDrives and press Enter. (See screenshot below) B) Right click on NoDrives, and click on Modify. C) Type in the drive option hex or decimal number below in bold you want to set as restricted, and click on OK. (See screenshot below) To hide multiple drive letters, add the decimal numbers together for each drive letter below that you want to hide, , select (dot) Decimal or Hex for the type of numbers you used, enter that number, and click on OK. For Example: I'm using 8 (hex number) to Hide D drive only, or for E=16 and F=32, I would use 16+32=48 (Decimal number). Drive Letter Decimal Hex A 1 1 B 2 2 C 4 4 D 8 8 E 16 10 F 32 20 G 64 40 H 128 80 I 256 100 J 512 200 K 1024 400 L 2048 800 M 4096 1000 N 8192 2000 O 16384 4000 P 32768 8000 Q 65536 10000 R 131072 20000 S 262144 40000 T 524288 80000 U 1048576 100000 V 2097152 200000 W 4194304 400000 X 8388608 800000 Y 16777216 1000000 Z 33554432 2000000 All Drives 67108863 3ffffff Hide A and B drives only - type 3 (hex) Hide C drive only - type 4 (hex) Hide D drive only - type 8 (hex) Hide A, B, and C drives only - type 7 (hex) Hide A, B, C, and D drives only - type f (hex) Hide all drives - type 3ffffff (hex) D) The registry will now look like this. (See screenshot below) E) Go to step 6. 5. To Unhide All drives A) In the right pane of Explorer, right click on NoDrives and click on Delete. (See screenshot above) B) Click on Yes to confirm delete. 6. Close regedit. 7. Log off and log on, or restart the computer to apply changes. That's it, Shawn How to Shrink and Create a Partition with Disk Management in Vista How to Delete and Extend a Partition with Disk Management in Vista How to Change a Drive Icon in Vista How to Hide or Show Drive Letters in Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8 How to Rename a Drive in Vista How to Disable or Enable Low Disk Space Warning in Vista How to Increase Hard Drive Performance in Vista How to Remove or Show Drives in the Vista and Windows 7 "Send To" Context Menu How to Add, Change, or Remove a Drive Letter in Vista How to Restrict or Unrestict Drive Access in Vista How to Deny or Allow Access to All Removable Drives in Vista How to Mount or Dismount a Drive or Partition to a Folder in Vista How to Retain the DVD Drive Icon if Disappeared from Computer How to Pin or Unpin a Drive to the Windows 7 Taskbar
How to Backup and Restore Messages in Windows Mail To Backup your messages, you will use the Export option. To Restore your messages that you have already backed up, you will use the Import option. This will save a copy of your messages to a empty folder outside of Windows Mail that you can use for a backup. Windows Mail email messages have the .eml file extension.The default hidden system folder location where Windows Mail store the messages at is: C:\users\(user-name)\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows Mail\Local Folders To backup everything (Accounts, Message Rules, and All Settings) in Windows Mail, then see the How to Backup and Reset Windows Mail section here: How to Fix Most Problems with Vista's "Windows Mail" How to Export (Backup) Messages 1. Create a New Folder on your desktop to backup your Windows Mail messages into later in step 6 below. NOTE: This New Folder will need to remain empty. 2. Open Windows Mail. 3. Click on File and then Export and Messages. (See screenshot below) 4. Click on Microsoft Windows Mail and click Next. (See screenshot below) NOTE: If you want to export messages from Windows Mail to Microsoft Outlook or Microsoft Exchange, then click Microsoft Exchange instead. If Outlook is not open, select the profile that you want to receive the messages, and then click Ok. See: Microsoft Help and Support: KB196347 5. Click on Browse. (See screenshot below) WARNING: You will only be able to Export into a selected empty folder (step 1). 6. Navigate to the location of your empty new folder (step 1) and highlight the new folder, then click on Select Folder. (See screenshots below) NOTE: For example, go to C:\Users\(user name)\Documents and highlight the Messages folder. 7. Make sure the Export To location is correct and click on Next. (See screenshot below) 8. Select (dot) All folders and click on Next. (See screenshot below) NOTE: If you only want to back up a individual folder, then dot Selected folders and click on the folder you want to export. 9. Click on Finish. (See screenshot below) NOTE: Your messages have been Exported to the selected location from step 1 and 6 above. You can save this exported folder to something like a DVD or USB key to backup or use to transfer to another computer. If you cannot copy the exported folder for some reason, then place the exported folder in a ZIP file first and try again. How to Import (Restore) Messages 1. Open Windows Mail. 2. Click on File, Import, and Messages. (See screenshot below) 3. Click on Microsoft Windows Mail 7 and click on Next. (See screenshot below) NOTE: If you are importing from another format, then select the program that the messages are from instead. See: www.oehelp.com/backup.aspx#oe2wm 4. Click on Browse. (See screenshot below) 5. Navigate to the location of your backed up exported messages folder and only highlight the exported folder, then click on Select Folder. (See screenshots below) NOTE: For example, from OPTION ONE go to C:\Users\(user name)\Documents and highlight the Messages folder. 6. Make sure the Import From location is correct and click on Next. (See screenshot below) 7. Select (dot) All folders and click on Next. (See screenshot below) NOTE: If you only want to import a individual folder, then dot Selected folders and click on the folder you want to import. 8. Click on Finish. (See screenshot below) NOTE: Your messages have been Imported from the selected location from step 5 above. 9. Now just move the email messages from the Imported Folders to the mailbox folder you want them in. (See screenshot below) NOTE: For example, you can Drag and Drop or highlight the email messages and click Move to Folder. The folders can only be moved one at a time. 10. When done, you can delete these Imported Folders. NOTE: To delete, just right click on the imported folder and click Delete. If the imported folder(s) will not delete, then see the FIRST and SECOND section instructions here:How to Fix Most Problems with Vista's "Windows Mail" That's it, Shawn How to Fix Most Problems with Vista's "Windows Mail" How to Backup Files with Optional Automatic Backups in Vista How to Restore Backup Files in Vista How to Create a Complete Computer Backup and Restore Image in Vista How to Restore the Complete Computer from a Complete Backup and Restore Image in Vista How to Restore Previous Versions of a File and Folder in Vista How to Create a New E-mail Message Shortcut in Vista How to Create a New E-mail to a Common Contact Shortcut in Vista
How to Do a System Restore in Vista This will show you how to do a System Restore to help you restore your computer's system files, programs, and registry settings to an earlier point in time. It will not affect your personal files, such as e‑mail, documents, or photos, so it cannot help you restore a deleted file. Be sure to use a restore point dated before the problem started or it will not help you. If this System Restore did not help or made things worse and you need or want to undo it, then see: How to Undo the Last System Restore in Vista System Restore uses this Service with this setting: Volume Shadow Copy This service is set to Manual by default. If you dual boot with Windows XP, then everytime you start in XP the System Restore Points and all except the most recent Complete PC Backup files in Vista get deleted. For how, see: How to Stop System Restore Points from being Deleted in Vista when Dual Booting with XP If you have missing restore points, then also see: System Restore "restore points" are missing or deleted Through System Protection If you have not done a system restore before, you will not have the two options below in the first screen of the video below. Just click Next to see your restore point choices. If the System Restore was unsuccessfully completed, then you can try to do a System Restore in Safe Mode or use Method Two below instead. 1. Open the Start Menu. 2. Click All Programs - Accessories - System Tools - System Restore. A) Go to step 3. OR 2. In the white line (Start Search) area, type rstrui and press Enter. NOTE: rsrui is the EXE file for System Restore. C:\Windows\System32\rstrui.exe A) Click Continue for UAC prompt. 3. Click on the Click to Play button in the video below. NOTE: After you click Choose a different restore point, make sure you check Show Restore points older than 5 days, if this is displayed, to see your older restore points. Using System Recovery Options at Boot 1. Boot from either your retail Vista installation disc or created Vista repair disc into the System Recovery Options screen. 2. Click on the System Restore option. (See screenshot below) 3. Follow the rest of the instructions in the video at step 3 on in METHOD ONE above for how to do the rest. That's it, Shawn How to Create a System Restore Shortcut in Vista How to Create a Create System Restore Point Shortcut in Vista How to Create a System Restore Point in Vista How to Undo the Last System Restore in Vista How to Change the System Restore Disk Space Usage in Vista How to Turn System Restore On or Off in Vista How to Restore the Complete Computer from a Complete Backup and Restore Image in Vista How to Restore Backup Files in Vista How to Restore Previous Versions of a File and Folder in Vista How to Start Vista in Safe Mode How to Perform a Repair Installation for Vista How to Stop System Restore Points from being Deleted in Vista when Dual Booting with XP How to Create a Vista Recovery Disc How to Restore Missing Default Start Menu Shortcuts in Vista How to Restore TrustedInstaller as Owner of a File in Vista How to Change the Automatic System Restore Point Settings in Vista Task Scheduler How to Enable or Disable Create Vista System Restore Point when New Device Driver is Installed How to Enable or Disable Create Vista System Restore Point when a Application is Installed How to Backup and Restore the Registry in Windows 7 and Vista How to Extract Files from the Vista Installation DVD
How to Disable or Enable Vista Services This will show you how to enable or disable a Service in Vista with the help of an advice guide. The guides have different levels of recommendations. Services are a computer program or process that runs in the background and provides support to other programs in Vista.If you want to cut down the overhead of what is running in the background and speed Vista up some, then only disable the services you do not use. If you disable a service that you need or use, then it could actually lower your computer's performance. The Services apply to all users on the computer. Configuration Information: Automatic - With a service in this state, it will start at boot time. Some services, when no longer required, will also automatically stop when not needed. If you find you do not need a service, place it into Manual or Disabled. Automatic (Delayed Start) - With a service in this state, it will start just after boot time. Some services, when no longer required, will also automatically stop when not needed. If you find you do not need a service, place it into Manual or Disabled. Manual - Manual mode allows Windows to start a service when needed. However, very few services will start up when required in Manual mode. If you find you need a service, place it into Automatic. Disabled - This setting will stop a service from starting, even if needed. Errors in the Event Viewer will show up complaining of that fact. Some services, while Disabled, will constantly complain. However, this situation is taken care of if placed in Manual. The service descriptions identifies those that should be in Manual vice Disabled. Started - A service that either set to Manual or Automatic that is running by default at or shortly after boot time. Stopped - A service that is not running by default at or shortly after boot time. You should Export a text list of your sevices and their settings, or take screenshots of them, before you make any changes as a backup. This will be handy if you need to use it to set a Service setting back to what it was later. In the Services window, right click on Action and Export List. If you disabled the wrong service and lost access to the computer, try booting into Safe Mode to change the service back. Here's How: 1. Open the Start Menu. 2. In the white line (Start Search) area, type services and press Enter. 3. If prompted, click on Continue in the UAC prompt, or provide the administrator password to approve. 4. Right click on the service you want to disable or enable and click on Properties. (See screenshot below) 5. To Disable a Service A) Click on the Stop button and wait a sec for it to stop. (See screenshot below) B) Next to Startup type, click on the drop down menuand select Disable. C) Click on the Apply button. NOTE: If the service will not stop and gives a error, then you will need to restart the computer to stop it after you set it to Disabled and clicked on OK. D) Go to step 7. 6. To Enable a Service A) Next to Startup type, click on the drop down menu and select Automatic or Manual and click Apply. NOTE: See the guides above to help decide. B) Click on the Start button. NOTE: If the Start option is grayed out and will not start, then you will need to restart the computer to start it after you set it to Automatic and clicked OK. 7. Click on OK. 8. Close the Services window. NOTE: You may need to restart the computer for some changes to the services to take affect. That's it, Shawn How to Check and Change the Startup Programs in Vista How to Speed Up Vista Boot Up How to Speed Up the Performance of Vista How to Turn Windows Features On or Off in Vista How to Change the Virtual Memory Paging File in Vista How to Delete a Service in Vista and Windows 7 How to Customize and Save the View in the Services Window in Vista How to Enable or Disable the Services MMC Snap-in
How to Use the Snipping Tool in Vista and Windows 7 This tutorial will show you how to use the 'Snipping Tool' to select an area of an on-screen image for use in other programs and applications. 1) In this tutorial, I will show you how to use the 'Vista Snipping Tool' to select an area of an on-screen image for use in other programs and applications. The image I have chosen for this example is found in the 'Sample Pictures' folder, and is the 'Toco Toucan'. The first image shows the full picture, and this example will show you how to select the Toucan from the picture. For details on how this image was inserted into the tutorial, refer to the footnote at the end. 2) With the screen showing the image from which you wish to make your selection, you need to invoke the 'Snipping Tool'. To do this, click the start orb and type 'Snipping Tool' into the search box. NOTE: The Snipping Tool is not available in the Vista Home Basic edition. This is a part of the Tablet PC Optional Components in Vista only, and is turned on in Windows Features by default in Vista. 3) In the 'Programs' section of the results panel, click this item and the initial tool will appear. Note that you can move this tool around the screen so that it does not obstruct the area you are interested in. Note also that the rest of the screen is dimmed. This image shows the tool over a section of the 'Waterfall', another image from the 'Sample Pictures' folder. I chose that image here because I felt that the 'Toco Toucan' image was too green to show the effect of the dimmed screen. 4) You may change the type of snip by clicking on the downward pointing arrow on the 'New' button. Here I have selected the 'Rectangular Snip'. If you want to take a screen capture of just a single window, use the the Window Snip selection to automatically pick a window to get snipped. 5) The default setting for the 'Snipping Tool' is to have a red band around the snip (you can change the colour of this band if you wish). I have turned this option off for this tutorial, but to illustrate this option, the next 2 images show this effect, firstly enabled and secondly disabled. Note that it still appears whilst you are selecting the snip so that you know what you are selecting. This option is found under 'Snipping Tools Options (click the 'Options' button to open this dialogue box. The option you require is 'Show selection ink after snips are captured'. 6) Next, click on the image and drag the red band so that it encompasses the section of the image that you are interested in. Note that this portion of the image will be highlighted. When you release the mouse button, the following screen will appear. 7) Click on the save icon (the picture of a floppy disk) and select a file name and location for the file. You can then use the image created for whatever purpose you require. The rest of this tutorial will show you how to attach this image to a post for submitting to the forums. 8) When you submit a post to the forums, you do so by entering the text of your post into the message box. 9) If you look at the toolbar in this image, you will see an icon in the form of a paperclip (highlighted in green above). It is this option that you select in order to manage images. This is the initial display of this screen before images are added. 10) In the section 'Upload File from your Computer', click 'Browse...' next to the first available slot and locate the required file. This file will appear in the address box as illustrated by the first of the next two images. Although this example shows just a single file, you can browse and locate up to 4 files at a time. When you have done, click 'Upload' to transfer these files to the forum servers, the result of which is indicated in the second of these two images. You can then repeat the procedure to add more files if needed. Obviously, your list of files will be different to mine. 11) When you have finished uploading files, click on 'Close this window' to return to the main message box. 12) When you wish to insert an uploaded image into your post, click on the paperclip again and select the required image from the drop down list. The image will be inserted at the current cursor position, and will be shown as "" where 'XXXX' is a unique reference number allocated to your image by the forum servers. As this tutorial is about selecting the Toucan, the final image shows the result. If you upload a lot of attachments and want to them to all appear in a row, then you can use the Insert All link at the bottom of the attachments FOOTNOTE: This section shows how the original image was inserted in to this Tutorial. 13) Upload your image files as described above. Notice the list of 'Current Attachments' in the 2nd image at step 10. Right-click on the required attachment and select 'Copy Shortcut' from the menu that appears. 14) Referring to the image in step 8, click on the 'Insert Image' icon (highlighted in blue). The following dialogue box appears. 15) Delete the contents of the text box ("http://"), and in its place paste the shortcut created in step 13. 16) When you wish to insert this image into your post, it is a similar procedure to inserting normal attachments as described in step 12, except that you click on the 'Insert Image' icon instead. Again, the image will be inserted at the current cursor position, and will be shown as "", where 'ADDRESS' is the shortcut to the image created in steps 13 to 15. 17) This resizes the image so that it fits the post, but when the image is clicked on the full image is shown. Click and hold to move the image, click and release to return to the post.
How to Fix the Error "The User Profile Service failed the logon. User profile cannot be loaded." When you log on to Vista or Windows 7 using a temporary profile (user account), you receive this error message: The User Profile Service failed the logon. User profile cannot be loaded. For more information, see: Error message when you log on to a Windows Vista-based or Windows 7-based computer by using a temporary profile: "The User Profile Service failed the logon. User profile cannot be loaded" CAUSE: The jury is still out on the exact cause, but so far : This issue may occur if the user profile was manually deleted by using the command prompt or Windows Explorer by a user or by some program. A profile that is manually deleted does not remove the security identifier (SID) from the user profile list in the registry. Since the SID is still present, Vista will still try to load the profile by using the ProfileImagePath that points to a nonexistent path. Therefore, the profile cannot be loaded. This can also be a issue with the user profile entering into a backup state. Manually renaming the C:\Users\(User Name) user profile folder. If you have this error message below instead, then see: How to Fix the Error "Your user profile was not loaded correctly! You have been logged on with a temporary profile." in Vista Your user profile was not loaded correctly! You have been logged on with a temporary profile. Changes you make to this profile will be lost when you log off. Please see the event log for details or contact your administrator. If the steps in the tutorial below do not help or you wish to try this first, then: You could also try doing a System Restore at boot using a restore point dated before the this error to see if it may be able to fix this. If you do not want to repair the user profile, you can delete it and create a new user account in OPTION TWO. If this still does not work for you, then you will be left with doing a clean install for your Upgrade or Full version of Vista or Windows 7. Try the option at this link: Rob Brooks-Bilson's Blog: Fix for Vista's: The User Profile Service service failed the logon. User profile cannot be loaded Log on to the ComputerYou must be logged on to an administrator account using either step 1 or 2 below before you can move on to do either the OPTION ONE or OPTION TWO sections. 1. To Log on to another Administrator account. NOTE: If you do not have another Administrator account, then proceed to step 2. A) Go to OPTION ONE or OPTION TWO. OR 2. To Boot into Safe Mode and Use the built-in Administrator account NOTE: You may not need to enable the built-in Administrator account. If this was the only normal administrator account you had, then Safe Mode should automatically boot into the built-in Administrator account. If you cannot boot into Windows and do not have a Windows installation DVD, then you can create and use the boot disc below to boot into Safe Mode with instead. Windows 7: (Option Two at link) How to Create a Windows 7 System Repair Disc Vista: (Option One at link) How to Create a Vista Recovery Disc A) Boot into Safe Mode (in Vista) or Safe Mode (in Windows 7). B) If Safe Mode did not boot into the built-in Administrator account, then enable the built-in Administrator account. If it did, then go to step 2D. C) Log off in Safe Mode, and then log on to the built-in Administrator account to logon with that account in Safe Mode. D) Go to OPTION ONE or OPTION TWO. To Fix the User Account Profile 1. Open the Start menu. 2. In the white line (Start Search) area, type regedit and press Enter. 3. If prompted by UAC, either click on Continue (Vista) or Yes (Windows 7). 4. In regedit, go to: (See screenshot below step 5) HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\ProfileList 5. In the left pane, look for the S-1-5..... folder (SID key) with the long number that has .bak at the end of the numbers. (See screenshots below steps 6A and 7B) NOTE: A) In the right pane, look at the ProfileImagePath to verify that this is the user account profile that has the error. B) You may have another S-1-5..... folder (SID key) above it with the exact same number without the .bak at the end of it. 6. If you have Two S-1-5..... folders (SID key) with the same Number NOTE: This is if you have two S-1-5..... folders (SID key) with the exact same numbers, but the second (below) one has the .bak at the end of the numbers. A) In the left pane, right click on the first (top) S-1-5..... folder (SID key) that does not have .bak at the end of the numbers and click Rename. (See screenshot below) B) Add .bk to the end of the numbers. (See screenshot below) C) In the left pane, right click on the second S-1-5..... folder (SID key) with .bak at the end of the numbers and click Rename. (See screenshot above) D) Remove only .bak from the end of the numbers and press Enter. (See screenshot below) E) Now go back and Rename the first one with .bk to .bak now at the end of the numbers and press Enter. F) Go to step 8. 7. If you have Only One S-1-5..... Folder (SID key) with .bak NOTE: This is if you only have one S-1-5..... folder (SID key) for your user account with .bak at the end of the numbers. A) In the left pane, right click on the S-1-5..... folder (SID key) with .bak at the end of the numbers and click Rename. (See screenshot below) B) Remove only .bak at the end of the numbers and press Enter. (See screenshot below and below step 10) 8. In the right pane of the one without .bak now, right click on RefCount and click on Modify. (See screenshot below step 10) NOTE: If you do not have RefCount, then right click on a empty space in the right pane and click New and DWORD (32 bit) Value, then type RefCount and press Enter. This value for this entry will reset and return back to the original value after you have restarted the computer and logged on to the account. A) Type 0 (number) and click on OK. (See screenshot below) 9. In the right pane of the one without .bak now, right click on State and click on Modify. (See screenshot below step 10) NOTE: This value for this entry will reset and return back to the original value after you have restarted the computer and logged on to the account. A) Type 0 (number) and click on OK. (See screenshot below) 10. The registry will now look like this for the one without .bak now. (See screenshot below) 11. Close regedit. 12. Restart the computer. 13. See if you can logon now. NOTE: If this still does not help, then either try OPTION TWO below or see the yellow TIP box at the top of the tutorial. To Delete the User Account and Create Another One You can do this option if you do not care about losing the user account and the contents in the user folders. Your programs will still be installed, but you will need to create new shortcuts for them afterwards. 1. Delete the User account profile that this error is for. 2. Open the Start menu. 3. In the white line (Start Search) area, type regedit and press Enter. 4. If prompted by UAC, click on Continue (Vista) or Yes (Windows 7). 5. In regedit, go to: (See screenshot below step 7) HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\ProfileList 6. In the left pane, click on one of the S-1-5..... folders (SID key) with the long number in it. NOTE: It may have .bak at the end of it. A) In the right pane, look at the ProfileImagePath to see if this is the same user account that you deleted in step 1 above. B) Repeat step 6 until you find the one that you deleted in step 1 above. NOTE: If the user account is not here, then it has already been removed when deleted in step 1. Go to step 9. 7. To Backup the Registry SID Key WARNING: You should backup this SID key to be safe in case you delete the wrong one in step 8 below. A) Right click on the SID key, and click on Export. B) Type in a name and save the REG file to a safe location. NOTE: This is your backup. To Restore the Backup, right click on the REG backup file and click on Merge. C) Continue on to step 8. 8. To Delete the Registry SID Key A) Right click on the SID key, and click on Delete. (See screenshot above) B) Click on Yes to confirm deletion. (See screenshot below) 9. Close regedit. 10. Now, just create a new normal Administrator account. NOTE: See: How to Create a New User Account in Vista 11. Restart the computer, and log on to your new account. NOTE: If this still does not help, then either try OPTION ONE above or see the yellow TIP box at the top of the tutorial. That's it, Shawn How To Perform a Repair Installation For Vista How to Do a System Restore in Vista How to Do a Startup Repair in Vista How to Do a Clean Install of Vista with a Upgrade Version How to Do a Clean Install with a Full Version of Vista How to Fix the Error "Your user profile was not loaded correctly! You have been logged on with a temporary profile." How to Change the User Folder Name of a User Profile in Windows 7 How to Fix Windows 7 Logon Screen Showing Only "Other User" and Last Logged On User Icon
How to Use the Vista SP2 Disk Cleanup Tool This will show you how to run the Vista SP2 Cleanup tool to permanently remove the Vista RTM and SP1 backed up files created during the installion of the Vista SP2 to gain more hard drive space.Running the Windows Vista Service Pack 2 Disk Clean-up tool permanently removes the ability to uninstall the Vista SP1 and SP2. Do not run this tool unless you have no plans of uninstalling the Vista SP1 or SP2 and just want to save or regain hard drive space. The only option to remove them after using this tool is to do a clean install of Vista.To see how much space you recover, make a note of how much free space you have on the C:/ drive in Computer before and after you run the SP2 Cleanup Tool. It appears that most people are gaining on average 1GB of space back afterwards. :) Here's How: 1. Open a elevated command prompt. 2. In the elevated command prompt, type compcln.exe and then press Enter. (See screenshot below) 3. Type Y when you see Would you like to continue? and press Enter. NOTE: Tying N will cancel running the Vista SP2 disk cleanup tool. You can also just close the command prompt window to cancel to. 4. It will take a little bit to finish. When it is finished, you will see the Windows Component Clean completed message. (See screenshot above) NOTE: You will see the Windows Component Clean was already run on this install message instead if you already ran this or installes Vista with a Vista installation disc that included SP2 with it. 5. When it's done, you can close the elevated command prompt. 6. Now, you just need to let all of us know how much space the tool cleared and saved for you. ;) NOTE: I would happily tell you mine, but I have a Vista installation DVD that already includes the SP1 and SP2, so I have not backup files to clean up. That's it, Shawn How to Use the Vista SP1 Disk Cleanup Tool How to Use Disk Cleanup in Vista How to Clear Vista Temporary Files in the Temp Folder How to Clear the Thumbnail Cache in Vista How to Delete the Internet Explorer Browsing History in Vista How to See and Flush the Contents of the DNS Resolver Cache in Vista How to Remove a Uninstall Entry in Programs and Features for Vista How to Uninstall or Change a Program in Vista How to Turn Windows Features On or Off in Vista How to Reset and Clean the Notification Icons List in Vista How to Create a Clear Clipboard Shortcut in Vista How to Uninstall a Windows Update in Vista How to Enable or Disable Clear Virtual Memory Paging File at Shutdown in Vista How to Uninstall the Vista SP1 How to Uninstall the Vista SP2 Prerelease Version
How to Use Disk Cleanup in Vista Disk Cleanup finds and then removes temporary files on your computer that you decide you no longer need to free up hard drive space.For how to delete the Vista Temporary Files in Disk Cleanup that are less than a week old, see: How to Set Disk Cleanup to Delete Vista Temporary Files Less than a Week OldChecking the Hibernation File Cleaner option to be deleted will disable the Hibernate and Hybrid sleep mode. If you did accidentally delete it, then see: How to Enable or Disable Hibernation in Vista Here's How: 1. Open the Start Menu. A) Click on All Programs, Accessories, System Tools folder, and Disk Cleanup. B) Go to step 3. OR 2. Open the Start Menu. A) In the white line (Start Search) area, type Cleanmgr and press Enter. 3. Choose if you want to clean files from just your user account or from all user accounts on the computer. (See screenshot below) NOTE: You will not see this window at all if you are running Disk Cleanup from the built-in Administrator account (How to Enable or Disable the Real Built-in Administrator Account in Vista). If you do not have the Files from all users on this computer option, then you are not running Disk Cleanup from within an administrator account. In an administrator account you will also need to make sure that you have UAC turned on to see it. 4. Select which drive you want to use Disk Cleanup on and click on OK. (See screenshot below) NOTE: You will not see this window unless you have more than one drive or partition on your computer. 5. If you chose Files from all users on this computer above, then click on Continue for UAC prompt. 6. You will now see this screenshot below. 7. When done loading, you will see either one of these screenshots depending on your choice. (See screenshots below) NOTE: If you just did a Upgrade install recently, then you will also see the Files discarded by Windows upgrade option. This would be for the C:\$INPLACE.~TR and C:\$WINDOWS.~Q folders. If you just did a Custom install recently, then you will also see the Previous Windows installations option. This would be for the C:\Windows.old folder. 8. Check the items you want to be deleted. NOTE: When you highlight a item, it will give you a description of what it is. You may also have the option to View Files to be deleted or set the Options for a item. 9. Click on OK. My files only ------------------------------------------ Files from all users 10. Click on Delete Files button on the confirmation prompt. (See screenshot below) 11. Disk Cleanup will delete the files and close. 12. For More Disk Cleanup Options - NOTE: If you chose Files from all users on this computer (Step 3), then you will have a extra More Options tab. (See screenshot below) 13. To Uninstall Programs in Program and Features - A) Click the Clean up button under the Programs and Features section. (See screenshot below step 12) B) You will be taken to the "Uninstall or change a program" window in Programs and Features in the Control Panel. 14. To Delete All but the Most Recent System Restore Point - If you have the 64 bit Vista and have not already done this first, then you will need to do this correction and close and restart Disk Cleanup, see: How to Correct Disk Cleanup Shortcut for Vista 64 bit If you have the Vista Enterprise, Ultimate, or Business edition, then all but the most recent Complete PC Backup will be deleted also if you selected the drive in step 5 that the Complete PC Backup is stored on. A) Click the Clean up button under System Restore and Shadow Copies. (See screenshot below step 12) B) Click on Delete to confirm deleting all but the most recent system restore point. (See screenshot below) NOTE: If you want to delete all system restore points, then turn System Restore Off and then back On to reset it. See: How to Turn System Restore On or Off in Vista That's it, Shawn How to Correct Disk Cleanup Shortcut for Vista 64 bit How to Clear Vista Temporary Files in the Temp Folder How to Clear the Thumbnail Cache in Vista How to Rebuild the Icon Cache in Vista How to Delete the Internet Explorer Browsing History in Vista How to See and Flush the Contents of the DNS Resolver Cache in Vista How to Remove a Uninstall Entry in Programs and Features for Vista How to Uninstall or Change a Program in Vista How to Turn Windows Features On or Off in Vista How to Reset and Clean the Notification Icons List in Vista How to Create a "Clear Clipboard" Shortcut in Windows How to Use the Vista SP1 Disk Cleanup Tool How to Use the Vista SP2 Disk Cleanup Tool How to Set Disk Cleanup to Delete Vista Temporary Files Less than a Week Old How to Enable or Disable Clear Virtual Memory Paging File at Shutdown in Vista How to Run the Extended Disk Cleanup in Vista How to Restore or Disable Hibernation in Vista How to Fix the Vista Disk Cleanup Windows Error Reporting Bug How to Add Disk Cleanup to Context Menu in Windows 7 and Vista
How to Troubleshoot a Vista or Windows 7 Sleep Mode Problem This will show you some steps to help you troubleshoot and find out what is causing your sleep mode problem. These are the usual reasons for sleep mode problems. For more information, see: Windows Help and How-to: Turn Off a Computer FAQs When your computer is in hibernation, the only way to wake it is to tap the case power button. If this sleep mode problem just started recently, then you might consider doing a System Restore before or after trying the steps below if they do not help. Common Problems: Computer will wake up for no reason. Sleep mode does not work any more. Hibernate option is not available in Power Options, then you accidentally deleted the Hibernation file Cleaner in Disk Cleanup. Screen saver not working. BEFORE STARTING:Make sure you have the latest device drivers and BIOS installed for your motherboard.NOTE: A out-of-date video driver or other drivers are sometimes the source of sleep mode problems. It is best to keep these up to date to resolve issues found with them. Check Your Mouse and Keyboard NOTE: A wireless mouse and keyboard can cause your computer to wake up for no apparent reason, and to not wake up from sleep mode when you press a key or move the mouse. This may also cause your screen saver to not work to. If the computer is using an optical mouse, changes in light can cause the computer to wake. For a USB Mouse or Keyboard: 1. Check the BIOS settings to make sure that you have a Legacy USB option enabled. For a Wireless Mouse or Keyboard: 1. Unplug the receiver on the back of the computer and test. 2. If sleep or hibernation works now, then try: A) Download new drivers for you wireless mouse and test again with the receiver plugged in. NOTE: Always get your drivers from the source, never from Windows Updates. They do not work properly sometimes. B) Disable the wireless mouse and/or keyboard wake up option in Step Five below. If you have to disable both of them, then you can wake the computer up by pressing the power button on the case. C) Time to get a new mouse and/or keyboard that is compatible with Vista. For a Optical Mouse: 1. Try not to have direct bright light shining on the sensor or moving around it. Check Advanced Power Plan Settings NOTE: Power settings control the computer’s ability to go into and come out of sleep/standby mode. 1. Open the Control Panel. (Classic View) 2. Click on the Power Options icon. 3. Click on the Change plan settings link under your power plan. (See screenshot below) 4. Click on Change advanced power settings. (See screenshot below) 5. Click on Change settings that are currently unavailable. (See screenshots below step 10) NOTE: This will allow any Power Options that are grayed out to now work and not be grayed out. 6. Recommended Settings for Sleep NOTE: Sleep saves any open documents and programs to memory only, and then puts the computer into a low-power state. WARNING: If you lose power to the computer, you will also lose what is in memory. Main Setting Sub Setting Recommendation Hard disk Set to at least 1 minute before the computer (Sleep after setting below) is set to sleep. Sleep Sleep after This is for the computer. Set to at least 1 minute after Hard disk and Display is set to turn off. Sleep Allow hybrid sleep Set to Off. Sleep Hibernate after Set to Never. USB settings USB selective suspend setting Set to Disabled. Power buttons and lid Start menu power button Set to Sleep. PCI Express Link State Power Management Set to Off. Display Turn off display after Set to at least 1 minute before the computer (Sleep after setting above) is set to sleep. Usually set this as the same as the Hard drive is set to turn off. Multimedia settings When sharing media Set to Allow the computer to sleep. 7. Recommended Settings for Hybrid Sleep NOTE: Hybrid sleep saves your open documents and programs to memory and to the hard drive, and then puts the computer into a low-power state. After the Hibernate after time you set, it will then put the computer into hibernation. WARNING: Use the same Recommended Settings for Sleep in step 6 above, except for these changes: Main Setting Sub Setting Recommendation Sleep Allow hybrid sleep Set to On. Sleep Hibernate after Set to at least 1 minute after the computer (Sleep after setting above) is set to sleep. 8. Recommended Settings for Hibernation NOTE: Hibernation is a power-saving state that saves your open documents and programs to the hard drive and then turns off your computer. If Hibernate after is not listed, then make sure that you have the Hibernation File enabled or restored to. It is by default unless it was cleaned in Disk Cleanup. WARNING: Use the same Recommended Settings for Sleep in step 6 above, except for these changes: Main Setting Sub Setting Recommendation Sleep Sleep after Set it to Never. Sleep Allow hybrid sleep Set it to Never. Sleep Hibernate after Set it to at least 1 minute after Hard disk and Display is set to turn off. Power buttons and lid Start menu power button Set it to Hibernate. 9. Click on OK to apply 10. Just exit out the other windows. 11. Test sleep mode. If it is still not working correctly, then continue to the next step. Check Sleep State Settings in BIOS NOTE: Make sure you have the latest Video drivers and BIOS for your motherboard. Read your motherboard manual to see if you have any jumpers or settings that sets different sleep voltages for USB. 1. Open the Start Menu. 2. In white line (Start Search) area, type cmd and press Enter. 3. In command prompt, type powercfg -a and press Enter. (See screenshot below) NOTE: This will give you a report of the available sleep states for your computer and will attempt to report reasons why sleep states are unavailable. You will want to see if the ACPI S1 and/or S3 is listed. 4. Restart the computer into the BIOS settings, and go into the Power Management section in the BIOS. NOTE: Usually you will press the F2 or Delete key as soon as your computer starts booting to enter the BIOS. 5. Make sure ACPI mode: S3 or S1 is enabled. WARNING: S1 (Sleep) and S3 (Hybrid deeper sleep). If you are running an incompatible video card, some or all of these states below may be unavailable. If one of the settings causes your computer to not wake back up afterwards, then reset the CMOS on the motherboard and restart the computer, or unplug the computer for a moment and plug it back in, and reset the BIOS back to the factory default settings. 6. Make sure Wake on Ring and Wake on Lan are disabled. NOTE: This will help keep the computer from waking up on its own. 7. Save the BIOS setting changes and exit to restart the computer. 8. Test sleep mode. If this does not help, then move on to the next step. To See what had Waken Up Windows Last NOTE: This will give you a list of items that woke up the computer last that may help narrow down what is waking up the computer. 1. Open the Start Menu. 2. In white line (Start Search) area, type cmd and press Enter. 3. In command prompt, type powercfg lastwake and press Enter. (See screenshot below) NOTE: Notice that I had USB\ROOT\HUB listed. For me, this would be the USB wireless mouse. Your list results will vary of course. To List, Enable, or Disable Device Names Currently Configured to Wake Up the System From any Sleep State NOTE: This will show you a list of devices that are able to wake up your computer to help you narrow down a device that may be responsible for waking up your computer. It does not mean that these devices are the ones that woke up your computer though, just that they are able to. 1. Open an elevated command prompt. 2. To List Devices that Can Wake Up the Computer A) In the command prompt, copy and paste in bold: (See screenshot below) powercfg -devicequery wake_armed and press Enter. B) Go through the list of devices to see if you have one you do not want to wake up your system. EX: A Network Device (Modem, Ethernet, etc.) or Wireless Mouse. C) If you found a device that may be causing the problem, then check with the STEP SIX section below first to see if you can disable a wake up option for the device in it's Power Management settings in Device Manager to test to see if that is it before proceding. 3. To Disable a Listed Device From Waking Up the Computer NOTE: Only do this step if you cannot do it from STEP SIX below using Device Manager instead. A) In the elevated command prompt, type below in bold and press Enter. WARNING: Be sure to write this device name down in case you want to be able to enable it again in step 4. Once you disable it, it will not be listed again in step 2A until enabled again. powercfg -devicedisablewake "exact name of device listed in step 2A" NOTE: For example, if I wanted to disable the listed (step 2A) High Definition device (HDAC), then I would type powercfg -devicedisablewake "High Definition Audio Controller" and press enter. 4. To Enable a Listed Device Again to Waking Up the Computer NOTE: Only do this step if you cannot do it from STEP SIX below using Device Manager instead, or you have done step 3 above with the device. A) In the elevated command prompt, type below in bold and press Enter. powercfg -deviceenablewake "exact name of device listed in step 2A" NOTE: For example, if I wanted to reenable the High Definition device (HDAC) that was disable and removed from the list in step 3, then I would type powercfg -deviceenablewake "High Definition Audio Controller" and press enter. 5. When done, close the elevated command prompt, and test sleep mode. To Disable or Enable the "Allow this device to wake the computer" Option for a Device Check your Network device. Network activity can cause the network hardware to wake the computer, especially when the network is always on (like cable and DSL connections). High Definition Audio, if listed in STEP FIVE, may also rarely cause the computer to wake from sleep mode. You can disable (only option available) the device as a test in Device Manager to see before putting the computer to sleep. Just enable it again if it is not the problem. 1. Open the Control Panel. (Classic View) 2. Click on the Device Manager icon. NOTE: You need to be in a Administrator account. 3. Click on Continue in the UAC prompt. 4. Open the device's list that you want to change. (See screenshot below) EX: Network Devices 5. Right click on the device name and click on Properties. EX: Network Devices 6. Click on the Power Management tab. (See screenshot below) 7. Uncheck Allow this device to wake the computer. (See screenshot above) NOTE: To Enable it again, just check this instead. If you need to disable the wireless mouse and keyboard, then you can wake the computer by pressing the power button on the case. 8. If listed, check Allow the computer to turn off this device to save power. (See screenshot below step 6) NOTE: This will turn the device off when the computer goes into sleep mode. 9. Click on the Advanced tab. (See screenshot below) NOTE: This is only for the Network device. 10. Check the boxed in red Property: items below to see if they are set to Disabled in the Value: area. (See screenshot above) NOTE: This area may be different for your particular network device since it is based on the driver, but it should be similar. You will be looking for any Wake on type property options listed. 11. Click on OK to apply and close properties window. (See screenshot below step 6 or 9) Check the Screen Saver NOTE: Some screen savers can interfere with the computer’s ability to go into and come out of sleep/standby mode. Disabling or changing the screen saver may resolve the problem. 1. In the Screen saver settings, select an alternate screen saver, or set it to None, then click on OK. 2. Test sleep mode. Check Startup Programs Many software components start up automatically with Vista and run in the background. Some of these programs may not be necessary, and can interfere with the sleep/standby mode. For troubleshooting purposes, use the following steps to prevent programs from starting up with Vista to see if this is the issue. If you are having these problems, you can avoid from having to do this completely if you logoff and put the computer to sleep from within the logon screen. 1. Open the Start Menu. A) In the white line (Start Search) area, type msconfig and press Enter. B) Go to step 3. OR 2. Click on All Programs, Administrative Tools, and System Configuration. 3. Click on Continue in the UAC prompt. 4. Under the General tab, dot Selective startup. (See screenshot below) NOTE: When done with the test, dot Normal startup, to return to the default settings before the test, and click on OK. 5. Uncheck Load startup items and click on OK and restart the computer. NOTE: You will get a notification that you made changes to the Startup programs in the bottom right Notification area. Just ignore it for now. It will go away when you put it back to Normal startup after you finish. 6. Test sleep mode. 7. If unchecking (disabling) Load startup items fixed the sleep problem, then enable one startup item at a time and test to see if the problem occurs again. Continue enabling startup items, until you find the program that is causing the problem. Remove or update the problem program. NOTE: See Method One or Two here: How to Check and Change the Startup Programs in Vista A) When done, change the setting back to Normal startup (step 4). 8. If unchecking (disabling) Load startup items did not resolve the sleep problem, then set it back to Normal startup (Step 4) and go to the next step below. Check Scheduled Tasks for Programs NOTE: Sometimes a program will have something scheduled to run that will wake the computer up. Try turning them off temporarily to see if it resolves the problem. 1. Check in the suspected program settings to see if there is a feature that may wake the computer. NOTE: Sometimes it can be the Auto-Update feature in the program. 2. Check Task Scheduler for items that are set to Wake-Up the computer to perform it's action. A) Expand out the list in the left pane and click on the suspect item's folder. Double click on the task in the middle pane. B) Click on the Conditions tab. C) Uncheck the Wake the computer to run this task box. 3. Check Windows Automatic Updates settings. Check Windows Sidebar Gadgets NOTE: Sometimes a Windows Sidebar Gadget may cause the computer to not sleep on it's own. 1. Turn off Windows Sidebar as a test to see if your computer will enter sleep on it's own now. NOTE: Sometimes, you may need to restart the computer afterwards as well. 2. If it does, then turn Windows Sidebar back on and turn off each Gadget one by one. Test sleep again after each one until you find the one causing the problem. Check Motherboard Jumpers NOTE: A few motherboards have been reported has having jumpers on the board for certain functions (ex: USB device wake-up) that may need to be enabled or disabled. 1. Pull out or download your motherboard manual, and check for any such jumpers. 2. If you have one that is related (ex: USB device wake-up), then test sleep mode inbetween toggling the jumper on and off. Reset Print Spooler NOTE: This may help if your computer will sleep fine manually, but will not sleep automatically or not go to sleep at all. Credit to Artxie for this. 1. Open Services, and temporaily Stop the Print Spooler service. 2. Open the Start Menu and type %WINDIR%\system32\spool\printers in the search line and press enter, then delete all files in this folder. 3. In Services, Start the Print Spooler service. Close Services window. If the print spooler issue persists, the installed printer driver may not be compatible or corrupted. Check the printer manufacturer's website to download and install the latest Windows compatible driver for it. Enable or Disable Windows Media Center Updates to Wake Up the Computer NOTE: This will show you how to enable or disable the Windows Media Center (mcupdate) task from waking up the computer from sleep when it checks for Media Center updates in Windows 7 and Vista. 1. For how, see: Windows Media Center Updates - Enable or Disable Waking Computer - Windows 7 Forums View and Override Power Availability Requests By using power availability requests, applications, services, and drivers can temporarily disable power management features to accomplish user scenarios. Availability requests can prevent the display from turning off after inactivity, and prevent the computer from automatically sleeping, enable Away Mode, and shutting down. 1. For how, see: How to View and Override Power Availability Requests in Windows Try System Restore NOTE: If sleep/standby mode previously worked, attempt a system restore back to a time when it worked. If the problem has always existed, skip this step. 1. Save any open files and close all programs, then backup anything that you do not want to lose to be safe.. 2. See: How to Do a System Restore in Vista NOTE: If System Restore resolves the problem, the problem is probably caused by software that was installed after the restore point date. I hope this helps, Shawn How to Change Power Button Settings for the Start Menu and Case in Vista How to Disable or Enable Password Protection on Wakeup in Vista How to Create a Hibernate Shortcut in Vista How to Use and Change a Screen Saver in Vista How to Create a Power Options Shortcut in Vista How to Restore or Disable Hibernation in Vista How to Changed the Return to Sleep Timeout for a Unattended Wake Up in Vista SP1 Causes Hibernation Error: "System was shut down unexpectantly" How to Restore the Default Power Plan Settings in Vista How to Enable or Disable Windows Media Center Updates to Wake Up the Computer How to Read the Wake Source Log in Event Viewer for Windows 7 and Vista How to View and Override Power Availability Requests in Windows
How To Perform a Repair Installation For Vista This will allow you to repair your Vista installation and keep all of your personal user account files, settings, and programs. You will be performing a Upgrade Install from within your currently running Vista. You will have to use the exact same Vista installation media type that you currently have installed. You will not be able to do a upgrade install in Safe Mode. You must have Retail Full or Upgrade Vista installation DVD to do this. Some people have had problems with a Full version letting them do a upgrade install though. A OEM (retail version) Vista installation DVD that you buy at a store and does not come with the computer are usually the same as a regular retail (full or upgrade) Vista installation DVD, but have a OEM license (product key number) instead of a retail license (product key number). If you have a OEM Recovery Vista installation DVD that came preinstalled with your OEM brand computer instead, then it will most likely only be a clone of the hard drive with Vista allowing you to only do a clean install with it instead. These OEM computers often have a Recovery D:\ partition that does the same thing as the OEM Recovery Vista installation DVD. If you have a Anytime Upgrade Vista installation DVD, then you will not be able to do this. The Vista installation DVD that you use to do the repair (upgrade) install must be the same or newer version of Vista with the Windows Updates and SP level than what you currently have installed. If the DVD is a older version, then you cannot do a repair (upgrade) install with it. IF YOU HAVE THE VISTA SP1 INSTALLED: This will not work if you have SP1 installed unless your Vista installation DVD includes the SP1, or you create a Vista SP1 slipstream installation DVD (See below). When the SP1 is installed, it will give Vista a newer version number than what is on the original Vista installation DVD. You can only do a Upgrade install if the currently installed Vista is the same or older version than what is on the Vista installation DVD. To create a Vista SP1 slipstream installation DVD to use to do a Repair (upgrade) install, see: How to Create a Vista SP1 Slipstream Installation DVD. Note that this does not always work to use for a Repair install. Another option is to uninstall the Vista SP1, then run the Repair install and install the SP1 again afterwards. To uninstall the SP1, see: Microsoft Help and Support: How to uninstall Windows Vista SP1 as a troubleshooting step IF YOU HAVE THE VISTA SP2 INSTALLED: This will not work if you have SP1 and SP2 installed unless your Vista installation DVD includes SP2. To create a Vista SP2 slipstream installation DVD to use to do a Repair (upgrade) install, see: How to Slipstream Vista SP2. Note that this does not always work to use for a Repair install. Be sure to backup any important data you have, just in case something goes wrong during installation. You may need to reinstall some of your drivers. You do not want to do this if you are dual booting with XP and Vista was not installed as the primary boot drive. It can cause XP to not startup anymore. If you are have installation error problems, then see: Windows Help and Support: KB935806 Troubleshooting Stop error messages that may occur when you try to install Windows Vista Windows Help and Support: KB929777 Error message when you try to install Windows Vista on a computer that uses more than 3 GB of RAM: "STOP 0x0000000A" If you changed the default location of the Program Files or Programs Files (x86) folder, then you will need to change it back to the C: drive, and change any shortcuts that pointed to the other location to also point to the C: drive before doing a repair install. ITEMS THAT WILL BE RESET TO DEFAULT: Computer Sound Event Scheme Vista Services Visual Effects Options Windows Mail - To Save and Restore your messages and settings, see the section: How to Backup and Reset Windows Mail Device Drivers - Be sure to have these handy to reinstall. They do not always remain after the repair (upgrade) install. Here's How: If Vista is still not working properly afterwards, then a Clean Install would be recommended. You may need to reinstall some of your drivers after the Repair (upgrade) install. You will not be able to do a upgrade install in Safe Mode. 1. While logged in Vista as an administrator, insert the Vista installation DVD into the DVD drive, or connect a Vista installation USB thumb/key drive. WARNING: Do not boot the computer and run the Vista installation DVD from boot. A upgrade install will not work this way. If you do not have a Vista with SP1 installation DVD/USB, then you can download an official Vista with SP1 ISO file here: Microsoft: Vista Direct Download Links, and use Windows 7 USB-DVD Download Tool to create a bootable DVD or USB flash drive with the ISO to do the repair install. 2. Click on Install Now to start the upgrade. (See screenshot below) NOTE: If AutoPlay does not load the Vista setup screen, then open your DVD drive in Computer and click on the Setup file. 3. If you want Vista to check for updates during the installation, then click on that to select it. (See screenshot below) NOTE: It will install faster if you select Do not get the latest updates for installation. You can install them later through Windows Update. 4. Do not type in a product key. (See screenshot below) WARNING: If you do type in the same activated product key that you already have installed, then you can end up in Reduced Functionality Mode. 5. Leave the Automatically activate Windows when I'm online box unchecked. 6. Click on Next. 7. Click on the No button for the Do you want to enter your product key now? prompt. (See screenshot below) 8. Select which edition of Vista you have. (See screenshot below) 9. Check the I have selected the edition of Windows that I purchased box and click on Next. (See screenshot below) 10. Click on the Upgrade option. (See screenshot below) 11. Follow any instructions left until Vista is through installing and has rebooted to the final welcome screen on the Vista desktop. 12. Remove the Vista installation DVD. 13. Check to see if any files are missing. If so look in the bolded files shown in step 14 below to see if they are in there. You can then just copy them back. 14. Run Disk Cleanup. A) If listed, check Files discarded by Windows upgrade. (See screenshot below) NOTE: These will be the leftover upgrade files, C:\Windows.old, C:\$INPLACE.~TR and C:\$WINDOWS.~Q, that did not get copied over. If any personal username files are missing, it would be in these folders. B) Click on OK to delete it. 15. Now all you need to do is to activate Vista. A) Right click on Computer (Start Menu) and click on Properties, or open the Control Panel (Classic View) and click on the System icon. B) Scroll down a bit and click on: Activate Windows Now. (See screenshot below) That's it, Shawn How to Do a Clean Install of Vista with a Upgrade Version How to Do a Clean Install with a Full Version of Vista How to Repair and Verify the Integrity of Vista System Files with System File Checker How to Extract Files from the Vista Installation DVD How to Use the Memory Diagnostics Tool in Vista How to Do a Startup Repair in Vista How to Reset a User Account Password in Vista How to Generate a System Health Report in Vista How to Troubleshoot the Computer with Reliability Monitor in Vista How to Run Check Disk at Startup in Vista How to Do a System Restore in Vista How to Use the DirectX Diagnostic Tool in Vista How to Fix a Crashing Internet Explorer in Vista How to Get Out of Reduced Functionality Mode in Vista How to Restore Previous Versions of a File and Folder in Vista How to Start Vista in Safe Mode Cannot Rename or Move a File or Folder in Vista Fix How to Create a Vista Recovery Disc How to Create a Vista SP1 Slipstream Installation DVD How to Slipstream Vista SP2 How to Restore Missing Default Start Menu Shortcuts in Vista How to Restore TrustedInstaller as Owner of a File in Vista How to Do a Custom Installation of Vista
How to Rebuild the Icon Cache in Vista If you have any icons that are not displaying correctly in Vista, then rebuilding the icon cache will reset them. This will show you how to delete the icon cache, to clear it, so Vista will rebuild it after a restart. The icon cache is located at the hidden system folder location below: C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Local\IconCache.db This does not change the icons. It only clears the icon cache to get rid of any corruption and rebuilds the icon cache with the correct icons again. If this is for a internet URL icons (favicons), in IE7 Favorites for example, then you will need to delete the Temporary Internet Files to reset these icons instead. For how, see: How to Delete the Internet Explorer Browsing History in Vista If you only have problems with a particular file (file extension type) icon, then it may be a default association problem instead. The file extension will show the icon for the program that it is associated to. This happens when a program and file extenstion has lost their default associations with each other, or associated to a wrong program instead. To resolve this, either make sure that you have all of the default associations set for the program that the file extension is for, or make sure that you have the correct default program associated with the file extension type. For how to do this, see: How to Set Default Associations For a Program in Vista or How to Associate a Individual File Extension Type With a Program in Vista Automatically Rebuild the Icon Cache 1. Click on the download button below to download the file below. Rebuild_Icon_Cache.bat https://www.vistax64.com/attachments/rebuild_icon_cache-bat.29089/ 2. Save the file to your desktop, and run it. 3. Click/tap on Run when prompted. 4. Follow the instructions in the command prompt to rebuild the Icon Cache. 5. Restart your computer to generate a new IconCache.db file. 6. If the icons are still not displaying properly, then download and merge the ICO option in this tutorial to restore the default associations of .ico (icon) files. To Manually Rebuild the Icon Cache using the Command Prompt 1. Close and save anything that you are working on. This command will kill explorer and restart the computer when completed. 2. Open the Start Menu, and type cmd in the search box and press enter. 3. In the command prompt, Copy and Paste each command line below and press enter after each command. WARNING: The last command will restart the computer, so be sure to close and save anything that you are working on first. taskkill /IM explorer.exe /F DEL "%localappdata%\IconCache.db" /A shutdown /r /f /t 00 4. The IconCache.db file has now been rebuilt. 5. If the icons are still not displaying properly, then download and merge the ICO option in this tutorial to restore the default associations of .ico (icon) files. That's it, Shawn How to Change the Icon Cache Size in Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8 How to See and Flush the Contents of the DNS Resolver Cache in Vista How to Clear the Thumbnail Cache in Vista How to Clear Vista Temporary Files in the Temp Folder How to Delete the Internet Explorer Browsing History in Vista How to Fix a Personal User Shell Folder Displayed as a Standard Yellow Folder Icon in Vista How to Enable or Disable Clear Virtual Memory Paging File at Shutdown in Vista How to Change a File Extension Type Icon in Vista How to Reset the Favorites Favicon Icons in Vista
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